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We report two previously undescribed mutations of the phosphoglycerate kinase gene (PGK1) leading to enzyme deficiency. In both cases, the patients were of Spanish origin and they exhibited a severe life-long chronic haemolytic anaemia associated with progressive neurological impairment. Sequence analysis of the first patient's entire PGK1 gene found a(More)
Pancreatic β-cells play a central role in type 2 diabetes (T2D) development, which is characterized by the progressive decline of the functional β-cell mass that is associated mainly with increased β-cell apoptosis. Thus, understanding how to enhance survival of β-cells is key for the management of T2D. The insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) protein is(More)
Despite optimal immunosuppressive therapy, more than 50% of kidney transplants fail because of chronic allograft dysfunction. A noninvasive means to diagnose chronic allograft dysfunction may allow earlier interventions that could improve graft half-life. In this proof-of-concept study, we used mass spectrometry to analyze differences in the urinary(More)
Our previous results demonstrated that tungstate decreased weight gain and adiposity in obese rats through increased thermogenesis and lipid oxidation, suggesting that brown adipose tissue was one of the targets of its antiobesity effect. To identify potential targets of tungstate, we used DIGE to compare brown adipose tissue protein extracts from the(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of human tuberculosis. The nitric oxide reaction with oxy-truncated hemoglobin N (trHbN) has been proposed to be responsible for the resistance mechanism by which this microorganism can evade the toxic effects of NO. In this work, we explore the molecular basis of the NO detoxification mechanism using a(More)
CD229 is a member of the CD150 family of the Ig superfamily expressed on T and B cells. Receptors of this family regulate cytokine production and cytotoxicity of lymphocytes and NK cells. The cytoplasmic tail of CD229 binds to SAP, a protein that is defective in X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome. To identify the CD229 ligand, we generated a soluble Ig(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes have a heritable component that is not attributable to genetic factors. Instead, epigenetic mechanisms may play a role. We have developed a mouse model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) by in utero malnutrition. IUGR mice developed obesity and glucose intolerance with aging. Strikingly, offspring of IUGR male mice also(More)
A previously undescribed mutation of hereditary gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GCS) deficiency was found in a 5 year old boy of Moroccan origin. He presented with chronic haemolytic anaemia, delayed psychomotor development and progressive motor sensitive neuropathy of lower extremities. The parents were third degree relatives. The activity of glycolytic(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in RNAs present in sperm have been identified using microarrays in teratozoospermic patients and in other types of infertile patients. However, so far, there have been no reports on using microarrays to determine the RNA content of sperm from asthenozoospermic patients. METHODS We started the present project with the goal of(More)
Docetaxel-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line therapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). However, most patients eventually develop resistance to this treatment. In this study, we aimed to identify key molecular genes and networks associated with docetaxel resistance in two models of docetaxel-resistant CRPC cell lines and(More)