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To obtain information on the role of proteasomes in the immune system, we examined the effect of a major immunomodulatory cytokine, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), on the expressions, structures, and functions of proteasomes. IFN-gamma greatly increased the levels of the mRNAs encoding LMP2 and LMP7, putative immuno-proteasome subunits encoded by genes within(More)
The 26S proteasome is a large multisubunit protease complex, the largest regulatory subunit of which is a component named p112. Molecular cloning of cDNA encoding human p112 revealed a polypeptide predicted to have 953 amino acid residues and a molecular mass of 105,865. The human p112 gene was mapped to the q37.1-q37.2 region of chromosome 2. Computer(More)
The accumulating effects of exposure to electromagnetic radiation emitted by a conventional mobile phone (MP) on male sexual behaviour have not yet been analyzed. Therefore, we studied these effects in 18 male rabbits that were randomly divided into phone and control groups. Six female teasers were taken successively to the male's cage and the copulatory(More)
To better understand the molecular mechanisms that underlie the tumorigenesis and progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), we studied the gene expression profiles of 29 ccRCC tumors obtained from patients with diverse clinical outcomes by using 21,632 cDNA microarrays. We identified gene expression alterations that were both common to most of(More)
Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is the catalytic subunit of telomerase, which is highly active in immortalized cells and >85% of human cancers but is quiescent in most normal somatic cells. To test the feasibility of using the hTERT promoter to induce tumor-specific transgene expression in cancer gene therapy, we constructed an adenoviral(More)
PURPOSE We analyzed the gene expression of the glycoprotein termed secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), also called osteonectin and BM40, in bladder cancer and its relationship with conventional clinical-histopathological manifestations, evaluated its prognostic value for patient outcome and determined the possible mechanism underlying the(More)
Proteasomes and ubiquitin (Ub) are essential components of the energy-dependent, nonlysosomal proteolytic pathway. To clarify the physiological role of this proteasome/Ub-dependent pathway, we meaured the levels of expressions of proteasomes and Ub in human renal cancers by Northern blot and immunochemical analyses. The mRNAs for two of the multiple(More)
Caspase-3 plays a critical role in a proteolytic cascade within the apoptosis signal pathway; this enzyme is commonly activated by numerous death signals and cleaves a variety of important cellular proteins. Using caspase-3-deficient MCF7 cells and clones stably transfected with the caspase-3 gene (MCF7/Casp3), we evaluated the role of caspase-3 in(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), which degrades the extracellular matrix or the basement membrane, has an essential role in tumor invasion and metastasis. To evaluate the roles of MMP-2, its inhibitor (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 [TIMP-2]), and its activator (membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 [MT1-MMP]) in tumor invasion or(More)