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To better understand the molecular mechanisms that underlie the tumorigenesis and progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), we studied the gene expression profiles of 29 ccRCC tumors obtained from patients with diverse clinical outcomes by using 21,632 cDNA microarrays. We identified gene expression alterations that were both common to most of(More)
Galectin (Gal)-3, a M(r) 31000 member of the beta-galactoside-binding protein family, is a multifunctional protein implicated in a variety of biological functions, including tumor cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, cancer progression, and metastasis. Here, we report that secreted extracellular Gal-3 can signal apoptosis(More)
To obtain information on the role of proteasomes in the immune system, we examined the effect of a major immunomodulatory cytokine, gamma interferon (IFN-gamma), on the expressions, structures, and functions of proteasomes. IFN-gamma greatly increased the levels of the mRNAs encoding LMP2 and LMP7, putative immuno-proteasome subunits encoded by genes within(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the effect of genetic polymorphisms on the response to interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC), and to find a reliable molecular marker to select those patients with MRCC who would benefit from IFN-alpha immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS We carried out an association study in which 463 single nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Based on the data of current status of endocrine therapy for prostate cancer registered in the Japan Study Group of Prostate Cancer (J-CaP), we conducted an analysis of primary androgen deprivation therapy (PADT) and an interim analysis of the prognosis. METHODS Of the 26 272 cases registered in the server of J-CaP, the 19 409 cases initially(More)
Caspase-3 plays a critical role in a proteolytic cascade within the apoptosis signal pathway; this enzyme is commonly activated by numerous death signals and cleaves a variety of important cellular proteins. Using caspase-3-deficient MCF7 cells and clones stably transfected with the caspase-3 gene (MCF7/Casp3), we evaluated the role of caspase-3 in(More)
Using adenoviral technology, we overexpressed the proapoptotic molecules pro-caspase-3, pro-caspase-7, and Bax to induce therapeutic apoptosis of prostate cancer cell lines growing in vitro and in vivo. Because overexpressed pro-caspase-3 did not undergo autocatalytic activation in any of the five prostate cancer cell lines evaluated, this strategy was(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), which degrades the extracellular matrix or the basement membrane, has an essential role in tumor invasion and metastasis. To evaluate the roles of MMP-2, its inhibitor (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 [TIMP-2]), and its activator (membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 [MT1-MMP]) in tumor invasion or(More)
The aims of this study were to understand the underlying molecular mechanisms of favorable histology Wilms tumors (WTs) and to classify them based on their molecular signatures. We studied a total of 15 favorable histology WTs using microarrays containing 19,968 cDNAs. First, we found commonly altered genes in WT. A total of 267 cDNAs were significantly(More)
Apoptosis is a morphologically distinct form of programmed cell death that plays a major role in cancer treatments. This cellular suicide program is known to be regulated by many different signals from both intracellular and extracellular stimuli. Here we report that p53 suppressed expression of the cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein (FLIP) that potentially(More)