S. K. Tsubota

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Glucocorticoids exacerbate neuronal damage due to hypoxia, ischemia, seizure and hypoglycemia. Because the release of glutamate is closely involved in neuronal damage, the effects of dexamethasone on the ischemia-induced accumulation of extracellular amino acids (aspartate, glutamate, and glycine) were investigated in the gerbil hippocampal CA1 region by a(More)
The Ca2+ mobilization across the neuronal membrane is regarded as a crucial factor in the development of neuronal damage in ischemia. Because glucocorticoids have been reported to aggravate ischemic neuronal injury, the effects of dexamethasone on ischemia-induced membrane depolarization, histologic outcome, and changes in the intracellular Ca2+(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids have been reported to aggravate ischemic brain damage. Because changes in the activities of various neuronal systems are closely related to the outcome of ischemic damage, the authors evaluated the effects of dexamethasone on the monoaminergic systems and ischemic neuronal damage. METHODS The right middle cerebral artery was(More)
Intraoperative pulmonary embolism is an unusual complication of lower extremity surgeries. We report a case of cardiac arrest due to pulmonary embolism associated with pneumatic tourniquet deflation. A 48-yr-old woman underwent achillorrhaphy under spinal anesthesia. About 4 min after deflation of the tourniquet, cyanosis appeared, and her consciousness was(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanism by which ischemic preconditioning protects the heart is presumed to be related to the reduction of energy consumption during a subsequent myocardial infarction. Since the sympathetic nervous system enhances cardiac function and energy consumption, we investigated the relation between ischemic preconditioning and the turnover rate of(More)
A 76-year-old man was referred to our pain clinic for the treatment of bilateral lower extremity pain due to metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to the sacrum. The pain could not be controlled with narcotics, antidepressant or the epidural block. The characteristics of pain were like those of benign disease, being spontaneous, not exacerbated by body(More)
The management of opioid resistant cancer pain is a significant issue for palliative medicine. Certain types of pain can be relieved effectively using nerve blocks without exacerbating and sometimes improving daily activity as long as proper patient selection and technique are employed. Continuous epidural and subarachnoid block, celiac plexus block,(More)
BACKGROUND Although mirror pain occurs after cordotomy in patients experiencing unilateral pain via a referred pain mechanism, no studies have examined whether this pain mechanism operates in patients who have bilateral pain. OBJECTIVE To assess the usefulness of cordotomy for bilateral pain from the viewpoint of increased pain or new pain caused by a(More)
We present a case of continuous subarachnoid block for the treatment of refractory cancer pain in the shoulder and upper extremity on the right side of the patient. The catheter tip was placed in the subarachnoid space close to the nerve roots on the right side at the height of C5 corresponding to the painful region. Until the patient died, his pain was(More)
Nerve block is useful for the treatment of acute pain and cancer pain; however the treatment's effectiveness with regard to non-cancer chronic pain is controversial. Of the non-cancer diseases, trigeminal neuralgia and spinal facet joint pain, in which long-term pain relief can be obtained by the nerve block without serious complications in most of(More)