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Oxidative stress is implicated in a number of neurological disorders including stroke, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. To study the effects of oxidative stress on neuronal cells, we have used an immortalized mouse hippocampal cell line (HT-22) that is particularly sensitive to glutamate. In these cells, glutamate competes for cystine uptake,(More)
Previous studies indicated the beneficial effects of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and transplanted neural stem cells (NSCs) on stroke. Here, we explored whether transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) modified by GDNF gene provides a better therapeutic effect than native NSCs after stroke. Primary rat NSCs were transfected with(More)
The role of the Bax gene product was examined in three forms of cortical nerve cell death in primary cultures. These include spontaneous cell death, oxidative glutamate toxicity, in which exogenous glutamate inhibits cystine uptake resulting in toxic oxidative stress, and ionotropic glutamate receptor-mediated excitotoxicity following a brief exposure to 10(More)
Recent evidence suggests that amyloid beta protein (A beta) mediates the neurotoxicity observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Little is known, however, about the cytotoxic pathway leading to nerve cell death. Using a rat brain cell line which is sensitive to A beta, it is shown that a 50-60 kDa protein becomes more phosphorylated when cells are exposed to A(More)
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