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Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of propolis from honeybee hives, is known to have antimitogenic, anticarcinogenic, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties. The molecular basis for these diverse properties is not known. Since the role of the nuclear factor NF-kappa B in these responses has been documented, we examined the(More)
When activated, NF-kappa B, a ubiquitous transcription factor, binds DNA as a heterodimeric complex composed of members of the Rel/NF-kappa B family of polypeptides. Because of its intimate involvement in host defense against disease, this transcription factor is an important target for therapeutic intervention. In the present report we demonstrate that(More)
Light and electron microscope immunocytochemistry with a monoclonal antibody against the N-terminal domain of the human protein was used to determine the cellular and subcellular localization of serotonin 5-HT2A receptors in the central nervous system of adult rat. Following immunoperoxidase or silver-intensified immunogold labeling, neuronal,(More)
Analysis of the mechanisms underlying cardiac excitability can be facilitated greatly by mutations that disrupt ion channels and receptors involved in this excitability. With an extensive repertoire of such mutations, Drosophila provides the best available genetic model for these studies. However, the use of Drosophila for this purpose has been severely(More)
Wear debris from metal on polyethylene joint replacements causes asceptic loosening as a result of an inflammatory reaction of macrophages to micron-sized particles. Metal on metal implants, which generate nanoparticles, have been reintroduced into surgical practise in order to avoid this problem. There is a current concern about possible long-term effects(More)
CONTEXT Adolescent pregnancy, birth, abortion and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates are much higher in the United States than in most other developed countries. METHODS Government statistics or nationally representative survey data were supplemented with data collected by private organizations or for regional or local populations to conduct studies(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium channels play a role in many cellular phenomena. Very little is known about Ca2+ channels in Drosophila, especially those in muscles. Existing literature on neuronal Ca2+ channels of Drosophila suggests that their pharmacology may be distinct from that of vertebrate Ca2+ channels. This raises questions on the pharmacology and(More)
There is a strong rationale to therapeutically target the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) pathway in breast cancer since it is highly deregulated in this disease and it also mediates resistance to anti-HER2 therapies. However, initial studies with rapalogs, allosteric inhibitors of mTORC1, have(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) binds directly to a plasma membrane form of guanylate cyclase (GC-A), stimulating the production of the second messenger cyclic GMP. We show that a second guanylate cyclase/receptor (GC-B) exists, with distinctly different specificities for various natriuretic peptides. A cDNA clone encoding GC-B was isolated by(More)
The delayed rectifier potassium current plays a critical role in cellular physiology. This current (I(K)) in Drosophila larvae is believed to be a single current. However, a likely null mutation in the Shab K(+) channel gene (Shab(3)) reduces I(K) but does not eliminate it. This raises a question as to whether or not the entire I(K) passes through channels(More)