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INTRODUCTION The normal nonrenal clearance of vancomycin is reduced in patients with chronic renal failure (40 versus 6 ml/min). The nonrenal clearance of vancomycin in patients with acute renal failure has not been characterized extensively. PURPOSE To prospectively determine the pharmacokinetic profile of vancomycin in anuric patients with acute renal(More)
Continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) has been used as an alternative to continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) and hemodiafiltration (CAVHD) in the management of critically ill patients with acute renal failure. This report describes our experience with the first 25 patients treated with CVVH at our institution. Vascular access was obtained(More)
The total clearance of imipenem, a carbapenem antibiotic, is reduced from approximately 230 mL/min in patients with normal renal function to approximately 50 mL/min in patients with chronic renal failure. This decline in clearance results not only from the loss of renal clearance, but also from a reduction in the nonrenal clearance from 130 to 50 mL/min.(More)
The excretion of terfenadine into breast milk has not been reported previously. Disposition of terfenadine was prospectively studied in four healthy lactating mothers (age, 33 +/- 4 years). Subjects received 60 mg terfenadine every 12 hours over a period of 48 hours to achieve steady-state milk and plasma concentrations. Milk and plasma samples were(More)
Filgrastim and sargramostim are hematopoietic growth factors that are now produced on a large scale through recombinant DNA technology. Both agents are effective in increasing blood cell counts following chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantations. Investigational work is still being conducted to determine their potential use.
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