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The fact that only 10–20% of chronic heavy cigarette smokers develop symptomatic COPD and correlations of pulmonary function among twins and families suggests the presence of genetic susceptibility in the development of COPD. Genetic susceptibility to COPD might depend on the variations in enzyme activities that detoxify cigarette smoke products, such as(More)
In our comparative study of L1 consensus primers with E6 type-specific primers for detection of human papillomavirus (HPVs) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in 35 cases of cervical neoplasia, the detection rate by E6 primers (54%; 19/35) was significantly higher than that by L1 primers (25%; 9/35) (p < 0.01). And all specimens HPV-positive with L1 primers(More)
This paper presents design guidelines for ultra-low power Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) design by comparing input matching, gain, and noise figure (NF) characteristics of common-source (CS) and common-gate (CG) topologies. A current-reused ultra-low power 2.2 GHz CG LNA is proposed and implemented based on 0.18 um CMOS technology. Measurement results show 13.9(More)
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is such an extremely rare disease in Korea, that only a few cases have been reported. Meanwhile five cases were experienced at Seoul National University Hospital over ten years since 1987. We summarized the clinical characteristics and courses of them. Seven cases reported in the literature were included to add data about(More)
A single-inductor multiple-output (SIMO) DC-DC converter providing buck and boost outputs with a new control topology is presented. In the proposed switching sequence, which does not require any special blocks, energy delivery is always accomplished by flowing energy through an inductor, which leads to high conversion efficiency regardless of the balance(More)
It has long been known that almost all isoniazid (INH) resistant mycobacteria lose the catalase and peroxidase activities along with reduced or no virulence for guinea pigs. Recently resistance to INH has become known to be associated with mutations of katG gene encoding the HPI (Hydroperoxidase I) type catalase and peroxidase. Among these mutations, the(More)
In this paper, we consider superposition coding for asymmetry data rate transmission over multiple-access relay channel (MARC) with Rayleigh fading channel. In general, zeropadded network coding are exploited to transmit symbols with different data rate, but it needs three time slots to complete the transmission. However, in our study, since the two source(More)
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