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BACKGROUND A number of US observational studies reported an increased mortality risk with higher intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), calcium and/or phosphate. The existence of such a link in a European haemodialysis population was explored as part of the Analysing Data, Recognising Excellence and Optimising Outcomes (ARO) Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)(More)
Reconstructing full-length transcript isoforms from sequence fragments (such as ESTs) is a major interest and challenge for bioinformatic analysis of pre-mRNA alternative splicing. This problem has been formulated as finding traversals across the splice graph, which is a directed acyclic graph (DAG) representation of gene structure and alternative splicing.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of combined hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on health related quality of life. DESIGN Randomised placebo controlled double blind trial. SETTING General practices in United Kingdom (384), Australia (94), and New Zealand (24). PARTICIPANTS Postmenopausal women aged 50-69 at randomisation; 3721 women with a uterus were(More)
The HIV positive selection mutation database is a large-scale database available at http://www.bioinformatics.ucla.edu/HIV/ that provides detailed selection pressure maps of HIV protease and reverse transcriptase, both of which are molecular targets of antiretroviral therapy. This database makes available for the first time a very large HIV sequence dataset(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether people who donate a kidney have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. DESIGN Retrospective population based matched cohort study. PARTICIPANTS All people who were carefully selected to become a living kidney donor in the province of Ontario, Canada, between 1992 and 2009. The information in donor charts was manually(More)
BACKGROUND Literature on the timing of rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) induction and its effects on kidney transplant outcomes is limited. The manufacturer recommends that the first dose be given intra-operatively, however this may present clinical practice risks and challenges. Our objective was to assess the impact of the timing of the first dose of(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced kidney function confers a higher risk of acute kidney injury at the time of an inciting event, such as sepsis. Whether the same is true in those with reduced renal mass from living kidney donation is unknown. METHODS We conducted a population-based matched cohort study of all living kidney donors in the province of Ontario, Canada who(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the 90-day risk of hospitalization with pneumonia among patients treated with different anti-hypertensive drug classes. DESIGN Population based cohort study using five linked databases. PARTICIPANTS Individuals over the age of 65 who filled a new outpatient prescription for one of four anti-hypertensive medications: ACE(More)
BACKGROUND BK virus infection has emerged as a major complication in kidney transplantation leading to a significant reduction in graft survival. There are currently no proven strategies to prevent or treat BK virus infection. Quinolone antibiotics, such as levofloxacin, have demonstrated activity against BK virus. We hypothesize that administration of a(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the factors that influence decision-making to forgo transplantation in favour of remaining on nocturnal haemodialysis (NHD). DESIGN A grounded theory approach using in-depth telephone interviewing was used. SETTING Participants were identified from 2 tertiary care renal programmes in Canada. (More)