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Scrapie is a transmissible neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats. The neuropathological changes include vacuolation, astrocytosis, the development of amyloid plaques in some instances, and neuronal loss. The mechanisms involved in neuronal cell death in scrapie are not known. Recently, we reported the presence of oxidative stress in the brains of(More)
Vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for metabolic syndromes. We examined whether vitamin D deficiency altered the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in older Koreans. Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV 2008-2009 was used to examine the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D(More)
Defects in clearance of dying cells have been proposed to underlie the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Mice lacking molecules associated with dying cell clearance develop SLE-like disease, and phagocytes from patients with SLE often display defective clearance and increased inflammatory cytokine production when exposed to dying cells in(More)
Perilla (Perilla frutescens) oil is very rich in α-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. As it is widely reported that omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves cognitive function in children and adults, feeding rats with perilla diets followed by analysis of proteomic changes in the hippocampus can provide valuable information on the mechanism of(More)
To investigate whether alpha1-adrenoceptors are involved in pain behaviors in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, we measured the effects of phenylephrine or prazosin on allodynia in the diabetic rats. Phenylephrine aggravated allodynia, while prazosin alleviated allodynia in the diabetic rats. We also measured alpha1-adrenoceptors gene expression(More)
We investigated the morphological changes of horizontal cells after postnatal photoreceptor degeneration in the developing FVB/N mouse retina, using immunocytochemistry with anti-calbindin D-28K. From postnatal day 14 (P14) onwards, processes emerging from horizontal cells descend into the inner plexiform layer (IPL) and ramify mainly in stratum 1 of the(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a major global health threat, replicates in macrophages in part by inhibiting phagosome-lysosome fusion, until interferon-γ (IFNγ) activates the macrophage to traffic M. tuberculosis to the lysosome. How IFNγ elicits this effect is unknown, but many studies suggest a role for macroautophagy (herein termed autophagy), a process by(More)
Prion diseases of humans and animals occur following infection with infectious agents containing PrP(Sc) or in situations in which there is a mutation of the prion protein (PrP) gene. The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is a sialoglycoprotein that is expressed predominantly in neurons. PrP(C) is converted into a pathogenic form of PrP (PrP(Sc)), which is(More)
Ghrelin is a gastric hormone released during the fasting state that targets the hypothalamus where it induces hunger; however, emerging evidence suggests it may also affect memory function. We examined the effect of central acylated-ghrelin and DES-acetylated ghrelin (native ghrelin) on memory function and glucose metabolism in an experimentally induced(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a mediator of airway inflammation and remodelling in asthma. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(1) plays pivotal roles in diverse biological processes, including tissue remodelling and repair in a number of chronic lung diseases. However, there are few studies elucidating the interactions between VEGF and(More)