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We report the draft genome of the black cottonwood tree, Populus trichocarpa. Integration of shotgun sequence assembly with genetic mapping enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the genome. More than 45,000 putative protein-coding genes were identified. Analysis of the assembled genome revealed a whole-genome duplication event; about 8000 pairs of(More)
BACKGROUND Protein evolution gives rise to families of structurally related proteins, within which sequence identities can be extremely low. As a result, structure-based classifications can be effective at identifying unanticipated relationships in known structures and in optimal cases function can also be assigned. The ever increasing number of known(More)
This review examines protein complexes in the Brookhaven Protein Databank to gain a better understanding of the principles governing the interactions involved in protein-protein recognition. The factors that influence the formation of protein-protein complexes are explored in four different types of protein-protein complexes--homodimeric proteins,(More)
Protein-protein interaction sites in complexes of known structure are characterised using a series of parameters to evaluate what differentiates them from other sites on the protein surface. Surface patches are defined in protomers from a data set of 28 homo-dimers, 20 different hetero-complexes (segregated into large and small protomers), and antigens from(More)
In yeast, the Ypt1 GTPase is required for ER-to-cis-Golgi and cis-to-medial-Golgi protein transport, while Ypt31/32 are a functional pair of GTPases essential for exit from the trans-Golgi. We have previously identified a Ypt1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) activity and characterized it as a large membrane-associated protein complex that localizes(More)
A method for defining and analysing a series of residue patches on the surface of protein structures is used to predict the location of protein-protein interaction sites. Each residue patch is analysed for six parameters; solvation potential, residue interface propensity, hydrophobicity, planarity, protrusion and accessible surface area. The method involves(More)
Bradykinin (BK) is a peptide mediator released in inflammation that potently excites sympathetic neurons. We have studied the mechanism of this excitation in dissociated rat sympathetic neurons and found that at low nanomolar (EC50 = 0.9 nM) concentrations, BK inhibited the M-type K+ current IK(M). Studies with the selective antagonist Hoe140 revealed that(More)
During acute inflammation, leukocyte recruitment is characterized by an initial infiltration of neutrophils, which are later replaced by a more sustained population of mononuclear cells. Based on both clinical and experimental evidence, we present a role for IL-6 and its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) in controlling this pattern of leukocyte recruitment during(More)
The human genome is by far the largest genome to be sequenced, and its size and complexity present many challenges for sequence assembly. The International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium constructed a map of the whole genome to enable the selection of clones for sequencing and for the accurate assembly of the genome sequence. Here we report the(More)