S. Jelen-Esselborn

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BACKGROUND The most sensitive diagnostic criterion of myasthenia gravis is a decrement in the muscular response to repetitive stimulation. The authors hypothesized that myasthenia gravis patients who show a train-of-four ratio (T4/T1) < 0.9 in the preanesthetic period will have increased sensitivity to nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents compared(More)
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is claimed to be a minimally invasive procedure, but uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the pneumoperitoneum (CO2-PP) can cause clinically relevant hypercapnia. In this prospective study, CO2 resorption during laparoscopic cholecystectomy was investigated. METHODS. In 30 patients (ASA I and II) total intravenous anesthesia was(More)
The study explored the possibility of eliminating the need for plasma replacement with expensive human albumin (HA) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) and instead using hydroxyethyl starch (HES). Patients undergoing infrarenal aortofemoral bifurcation grafting were randomly assigned to one group, which received FFP and HA, or another group, which received HES as(More)
We have studied the effect of renal function on the pharmacodynamics of mivacurium. Sixty patients were allocated to three groups according to creatinine clearance: group C (control), creatinine clearance > 50 ml min-1; group P (preterminal renal failure), creatinine clearance < 50 ml min-1 > 20 ml min-1; group T(terminal renal failure), creatinine(More)
BACKGROUND Intraabdominally insufflated carbon dioxide (CO2) during laparoscopy may have a specific effect on splanchnic circulation that may be unrelated to the effects of increased intraabdominal pressure alone. Therefore, the influences of insufflation with CO2 versus air on splanchnic circulation were compared. METHODS Pigs were chronically(More)
UNLABELLED Reduction of nociceptive input through blockade of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has been reported. We compared the effects of epidural S(+)-ketamine versus placebo on postoperative pain in a randomized, double-blinded study in 37 patients undergoing unilateral knee arthroplasty. After lumbar epidural anesthesia with ropivacaine (10(More)
OBJECTIVES Total intraperitoneal carbon dioxide (CO2) resorption from CO2-pneumoperitoneum increases in relation to intraabdominal pressure (IAP) up to an upper limit of 10 to 15 mmHg. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the visceral fraction of CO2 resorption in comparison to total intraperitoneal CO2 resorption in pigs to address(More)
BACKGROUND We compared recovery from high-dose propofol/low-dose remifentanil ('propofol-pronounced') compared with high-dose remifentanil/low-dose propofol ('remifentanil-pronounced') anaesthesia. METHODS Adult patients having panendoscopy, microlaryngoscopy, or tonsillectomy were randomly assigned to receive either propofol-pronounced (propofol 100(More)
OBJECTIVES Fast recovery from mivacurium-induced neuromuscular blockade is impaired in patients with decreased plasma cholinesterase activity which is often associated with dysfunction of different organs. Nevertheless, predictability of neuromuscular recovery may be given. Thus, this study evaluates parameters to predict individual neuromuscular recovery(More)
A case of pericardial tamponade in a male patient secondary to the removal of an epicardial pacemaker wire is reported, resulting in rapid circulatory deterioration. Sternotomy with subsequent pericardectomy immediately relieved the compression of the heart. The postoperative period was complicated by a cerebral infarction on the third postoperative day,(More)