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BACKGROUND Although vitamin D deficiency has been documented as a frequent problem in studies of young adults, elderly persons, and children in other countries, there are limited data on the prevalence of this nutritional deficiency among healthy US teenagers. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in healthy adolescents presenting(More)
OBJECTIVES Music videos from five genres of music were analyzed for portrayals of tobacco and alcohol use and for portrayals of such behaviors in conjunction with sexuality. METHODS Music videos (n = 518) were recorded during randomly selected days and times from four television networks. Four female and four male observers aged 17 to 24 years were(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To evaluate adolescent girls with chronic pelvic pain not responding to conventional medical therapy, using advances in operative laparoscopy to determine endometriosis prevalence, clinical stage, and type of lesion. DESIGN A descriptive retrospective study of subjects who (1) were referred for the evaluation of chronic pelvic pain, (2)(More)
This study examines the relationships between exposure to violence and depression, hopelessness, and purpose in life among black adolescents living in or around public housing developments. Black adolescents (N = 225, males = 44%) ages 11 to 19 years in a southern city were administered an anonymous questionnaire. Depression was correlated with the exposure(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To present data on the spectrum of abnormal Papanicolaou (PAP) smears in adolescents and to determine factors that influence compliance with recommendations to return for repeat PAP smears or for colposcopic examination. DESIGN Retrospective chart review with follow-up telephone calls to patients who did not follow recommendations for(More)
We undertook a prospective study of 300 postmenarcheal female subjects (median age, 18.0 years) to examine (1) the relation of tampon use, sports participation, prior gynecologic examination, and consensual sexual activity to hymenal anatomy, (2) the factors leading to choice of tampons by girls not sexually active, and (3) factors related to ease of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of an individualized safer sex intervention on condom use and recurrent sexually transmitted disease (STD) among female adolescents diagnosed as having an STD. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Urban children's hospital adolescent clinic and inpatient service. PARTICIPANTS One hundred twenty-three(More)
Little is known about interventions in office practices aimed toward reducing behaviors that put adolescents at risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition. We therefore targeted a pilot study of HIV education and counseling to high-risk adolescents. Ninety adolescent patients (mean age, 17.6 +/- 2.0 years) were interviewed in a hospital-based(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the role of physiologic regulators of bone turnover in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). STUDY DESIGN Adolescent girls with AN (n = 61) had anthropometric, nutrition, and exercise data acquired, and bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Serum samples were obtained for(More)
To elucidate the factors that might influence compliance with oral contraceptive use among sexually active adolescents, we undertook a study of 209 unmarried adolescents initiating use of oral contraceptives in three different settings: an inner-city adolescent clinic, a birth control clinic in a midsized industrial city, and a suburban private practice. At(More)