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BACKGROUND Although vitamin D deficiency has been documented as a frequent problem in studies of young adults, elderly persons, and children in other countries, there are limited data on the prevalence of this nutritional deficiency among healthy US teenagers. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in healthy adolescents presenting(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate functional brain abnormalities associated with anorexia nervosa (AN). STUDY DESIGN Positron emission tomographic measurements of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were performed on 8 female patients with AN and 8 healthy female control subjects during exposure to 3 types of stimuli: high-calorie foods, low-calorie foods, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the teaching methods, materials currently used, and unmet needs for teaching developmental-behavioral pediatrics (DBP) at pediatric training programs in the United States. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey of US pediatric residency training programs. The survey questionnaire consisted of 3 instruments: a program director survey, a(More)
OBJECTIVE The mediating neuroanatomy of human appetitive function is poorly understood. A state induction paradigm was employed, in conjunction with positron emission tomography, to test the hypothesis that limbic/paralimbic regions respond to the desirability of food stimuli. METHODS Eight normal subjects were studied during each of three conditions,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of an individualized safer sex intervention on condom use and recurrent sexually transmitted disease (STD) among female adolescents diagnosed as having an STD. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Urban children's hospital adolescent clinic and inpatient service. PARTICIPANTS One hundred twenty-three(More)
Personally controlled health records (PCHRs) enable patients to store, manage, and share their own health data, and promise unprecedented consumer access to medical information. To deploy a PCHR in the pediatric population requires crafting of access and security policies, tailored to a record that is not only under patient control, but one that may also be(More)