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A biomechanical model of the brain is presented, using a finite-element formulation. Emphasis is given to the modeling of the soft-tissue deformations induced by the growth of tumors and its application to the registration of anatomical atlases, with images from patients presenting such pathologies. First, an estimate of the anatomy prior to the tumor(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the dimensions of specific white matter tracts in the brainstems (region of brain thought to be least affected) of children with holoprosencephaly by using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to correlate these abnormalities with forebrain malformation severity and neurologic deficit severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
For the theoretic advantages of 3T units to translate to improved diagnostic quality, careful attention must be paid to optimization of pulse sequences and development of clinically feasible imaging protocols. RARE sequences continue to be the choice for routine clinical imaging of the head and neck; although exquisite T2W images are afforded, T1W imaging(More)
We present an image overlay system to aid needle insertion procedures in computed tomography (CT) scanners. The device consists of a display and a semitransparent mirror that is mounted on the gantry. Looking at the patient through the mirror, the CT image appears to be floating inside the patient with correct size and position, thereby providing the(More)
OBJECTIVE We present a 2D image overlay device to assist needle placement on computed tomography (CT) scanners. MATERIALS AND METHODS The system consists of a flat display and a semitransparent mirror mounted on the gantry. When the physician looks at the patient through the mirror, the CT image appears to be floating inside the body with correct size and(More)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has unmatched potential for planning, guiding, monitoring and controlling interventions. MR arthrography (MRA) is the imaging gold standard to assess small ligament and fibrocartilage injury in joints. In contemporary practice, MRA consists of two consecutive sessions: 1) an interventional session where a needle is driven to(More)
An image overlay system is presented to assist needle placement in conventional CT scanners. The device consists of a flat LCD display and a half mirror and is mounted on the gantry. Looking at the patient through the mirror, the CT image appears to be floating inside the patient with correct size and position , thereby providing the physician with(More)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) offers great potential for planning, guiding, monitoring and controlling interventions. MR arthrography (MRAr) is the imaging gold standard for assessing small ligament and fibrocartilage injury in joints. In contemporary practice, MRAr consists of two consecutive sessions: (1) an interventional session where a needle is(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify recognizable landmarks on coronal CT (CCT) scans for the localization of the anterior and posterior ethmoid arteries, which are important anatomic structures and surgical landmarks within the ethmoid sinuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four series of plastinated cadaver specimens and 80 CCT examinations were(More)