S. J. Turner

Learn More
The New Zealand native legume flora are represented by four genera, Sophora, Carmichaelia, Clianthus, and Montigena. The adventive flora of New Zealand contains several legume species introduced in the 19th century and now established as serious invasive weeds. Until now, nothing has been reported on the identification of the associated rhizobia of native(More)
PIN-domains (homologues of the pilT N-terminal domain) are small protein domains of approximately 140 amino acids. They are found in a diverse range of organisms and recent evidence from bioinformatics, biochemistry, structural biology and microbiology suggest that the majority of the prokaryotic PIN-domain proteins are the toxic components of(More)
Butyric acid is released from milk by pre-intestinal lipases during suckling. It is also known to inhibit bacterial growth. To investigate whether butyric acid may be a significant factor in controlling bacterial growth in the stomach of pre-weaned animals, the ability of butyric acid to inhibit growth of selected bacteria was tested over physiological(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the bacterial composition of high latitude soils from the Darwin–Hatherton glacier region of Antarctica. Four soil pits on each of four glacial drift sheets were sampled for chemical and microbial analyses. The four drifts—Hatherton, Britannia, Danum, and Isca—ranged, respectively, from early Holocene (10 ky) to(More)
The effective management of cyst nematodes requires accurate assessments of the species composition and size of field populations. Compared to traditional diagnostics the polymerase chain reaction offers high specificity, sensitivity and a more rapid means of identifying large numbers of cyst nematode samples. PCRRFLP of the ITS I ribosomal DNA region from(More)
Moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) systems are increasingly used for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment, yet in contrast to activated sludge (AS) systems, little is known about their constituent microbial communities. This study investigated the community composition of two municipal MBBR wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Wellington, New(More)
Biofilm-based technologies, such as moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) systems, are widely used to treat wastewater. Biofilm development is important for MBBR systems as much of the microbial biomass is retained within reactors as biofilm on suspended carriers. Little is known about this process of biofilm development and the microorganisms upon which MBBRs(More)
Members of the bacterial genus Arthrobacter are both readily cultured and commonly identified in Antarctic soil communities. Currently, relatively little is known about the physiological traits that allow these bacteria to survive in the harsh Antarctic soil environment. The aim of this study is to investigate if Antarctic strains of Arthrobacter owe their(More)
Extracellular DNA can play a structural role in the microbial environment. Here evidence is presented that an environmental isolate of Acidovorax temperans utilises extracellular DNA for intercellular and cell-surface attachment and that Type IV pili and electrostatic interactions play a role in this interaction. Preliminary attempts to isolate and purify(More)
A series of selection experiments on potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida, pathotype Pa1, tested the virulence response of the nematode to a range of resistant potato Solanum genotypes. Alleles conferring virulence against all four Solanum sources used in the study (i.e. Solanum vernei, S. multidissectum, S. sanctae-rosae and S. tuberosum ssp. andigena)(More)