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INTRODUCTION Noninvasive measurements of cerebral blood volume (CBV) and contrast transfer coefficient (K(trans)) have potential benefits in the diagnosis and therapeutic management of adult glioma. This study examines the relationship between CBV, K(trans), and overall survival. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty-seven adult patients with glioma underwent(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between contrast transfer coefficient [K(trans)] and grade in gliomas. MATERIAL AND METHODS Median values of K(trans), CBV(T1), and of the 95th percentile (95%) of the distribution (K(trans) [95%] and CBV(T1) [95%]) were calculated in 39 patients with glioma. Group comparisons and post hoc(More)
PURPOSE There is considerable interest in developing non-invasive methods of mapping tumor hypoxia. Changes in tissue oxygen concentration produce proportional changes in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) longitudinal relaxation rate (R(1)). This technique has been used previously to evaluate oxygen delivery to healthy tissues and is distinct from blood(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging has shown promise for evaluating tissue oxygenation. In this study differences in the tissue longitudinal relaxation rate (R(1)) and effective transverse relaxation rate (R(*)(2)), induced by inhalation of pure oxygen and carbogen, were evaluated in 10 healthy subjects. Significant reductions in R(1) were demonstrated following(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to determine the proportion of individuals in our schwannomatosis cohort whose disease is associated with an LZTR1 mutation. METHODS We used exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing, and copy number analysis to screen 65 unrelated individuals with schwannomatosis who were negative for a germline NF2 or SMARCB1 mutation. We also screened(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI is becoming a standard tool for imaging-based trials of anti-vascular/angiogenic agents in cancer. So far, however, biomarkers derived from DCE-MRI parameter maps have largely neglected the fact that the maps have spatial structure and instead focussed on distributional summary statistics. Such statistics-e.g., biomarkers based(More)
Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have seen the development of techniques that allow quantitative imaging of a number of anatomical and physiological descriptors. These techniques have been increasingly applied to cancer imaging where they can provide some insight into tumour microvascular structure and physiology. This review details(More)
Simple summary statistics of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) parameter maps (e.g. the median) neglect the spatial arrangement of parameters, which appears to carry important diagnostic and prognostic information. This paper describes novel statistics that are sensitive to both parameter values and their spatial arrangement. Binary objects are(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ADC measurements have been shown to have an inverse relationship with tumor cell density. DCE-MR imaging modeling techniques can produce a measurement of the v(e), which would also be expected to have an inverse relationship with cell density. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that areas of increased cellularity,(More)
PURPOSE There is a clinical need for noninvasive, nonionizing imaging biomarkers of tumor hypoxia and oxygenation. We evaluated the relationship of T1 -weighted oxygen-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OE-MRI) measurements to histopathology measurements of tumor hypoxia in a murine glioma xenograft and demonstrated technique translation in human(More)