S. J. Matcher

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The absolute quantified measurement of haemoglobin skin blood saturation from collected reflectance spectra of the skin is complicated by the fact that the blood content of tissues can vary both in the spatial distribution and in the amount. These measurements require an understanding of which vascular bed is primarily responsible for the detected signal.(More)
We have simulated diffuse reflectance spectra of skin by assuming a wavelength-independent scattering coefficient for the different skin tissues and using the known wavelength dependence of the absorption coefficient of oxy- and deoxyhaemoglobin and water. A stochastic Monte Carlo method is used to convert the wavelength-dependent absorption coefficient and(More)
The reflectance spectra of the human skin in visible and near-infrared (NIR) spectral region have been calculated using the Monte Carlo technique, and the specular and internal reflection on the medium surface is taken into account. Skin is represented as a complex inhomogeneous multi-layered highly scattering and absorbing medium. The model takes into(More)
To grow and progress, solid tumors develop a vascular network through co-option and angiogenesis that is characterized by multiple structural and functional abnormalities, which negatively influence therapeutic outcome through direct and indirect mechanisms. As such, the morphology and function of tumor blood vessels, plus their response to different(More)
We present a phase fluctuation calibration method for polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography (PS-SS-OCT) using continuous polarization modulation. The method uses a low-voltage broadband polarization modulator driven by a synchronized sinusoidal burst waveform rather than an asynchronous waveform, together with the removal of the(More)
Stratum corneum and epidermal layers change in terms of thickness and roughness with gender, age and anatomical site. Knowledge of the mechanical and tribological properties of skin associated with these structural changes are needed to aid in the design of exoskeletons, prostheses, orthotics, body mounted sensors used for kinematics measurements and in(More)
Increasingly we are monitoring the distribution of oxygen through the microcirculation using optical techniques such as optical reflectance spectroscopy (ORS) and near-infrared spectroscopy. Mean blood oxygen saturation (S(mb)O(2)) and tissue oxygenation index measured by these two techniques, respectively, evoke a concept of the measurement of oxygen(More)
There is an increasing need for a robust, simple to use, non-invasive imaging technology to follow tissue-engineered constructs as they develop. Our aim was to evaluate the use of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) to image tissue-engineered skin as it developed over several weeks. Tissue-engineered skin was produced using both(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-destructive, non-invasive imaging modality conceptually similar to ultrasound imaging but uses near-infrared radiation rather than sound. It is attracting interest throughout the medical community as a tool for ophthalmic scanning (especially of the retina) and potentially for the diagnosis of many other illnesses(More)
In this study we have investigated the potential of optical techniques to monitor changes in bone mineral density (BMD) via changes in scattering coefficient. For each of five bone samples, diffuse reflection and transmission coefficients were measured over the wavelength range 520-960 nm using an integrating sphere and CCD spectrometer. These were(More)