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Listeriosis is a disease that causes significant economic losses at the farm level because of high morbidity and mortality in ruminants. This study was performed to investigate the role of ruminants in the epidemiology of listeriosis in northern Italy and the possible association of animal-adapted strains of Listeria monocytogenes with strains associated(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is an opportunistic food-borne pathogen responsible for listeriosis, a disease associated with high mortality rates. L. monocytogenes causes invasive syndromes and case-fatality can be as high as 30%, in specific high-risk population groups such as the elderly, immuno-compromised individuals, fetuses and newborns. Acquisition of the(More)
We identified a novel serotype 1/2a outbreak strain and 2 novel epidemic clones of Listeria monocytogenes while investigating a foodborne outbreak of listeriosis associated with consumption of cantaloupe during 2011 in the United States. Comparative analyses of strains worldwide are essential to identification of novel outbreak strains and epidemic clones.
Salmonella is one of the most common causes of human gastroenteritis often associated with pork consumption. The aims of this cross-sectional study were to collect preliminary data on the presence of Salmonella enterica in pigs in Piedmont (Italy), through sampling on farm and at slaughter and to gather pilot data on serotypes and phagetypes present in the(More)
Previous molecular subtyping studies have defined four epidemic clones (ECs) of Listeria monocytogenes (ECI, ECII, ECIII, and ECIV). Partial sequences of eight virulence genes were previously shown to be identical within individual ECs of L. monocytogenes. The present study was conducted to determine if the sequences of other virulence genes and virulence(More)
Listeria monocytogenes ranks among the most frequent causes of death due to foodborne illness (20-30% case fatality rate). Discriminative subtyping methods are important to detect the relatedness of isolates and verify epidemiologic associations. AFLP analysis is a DNA fingerprinting technique based on the selective amplification of genomic restriction(More)
A novel primer extension-based, multiplex minisequencing assay targeting six highly informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in four virulence genes correctly identified and differentiated all four epidemic clones (ECs) of Listeria monocytogenes and 9 other strains initially misclassified as non-ECs. This assay allows rapid, accurate, and(More)
Fifty-three Listeria monocytogenes isolates obtained from Gorgonzola cheese and previously characterized with biochemical typing, serotyping and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), were analyzed in this study. Seven virulence-associated genes were selected (actA, inlC, inlJ, plcA, prfA, hlyA and iap) and their presence was investigated using PCR. All(More)
L. monocytogenes represents a primary concern in the production of Gorgonzola, a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) Italian blue-veined cheese produced only in the Piedmont and Lombardy regions. L. monocytogenes isolates (N=95) obtained from Gorgonzola rinds, paste, and production/ripening environments were serotyped and then genotyped using Pulsed Field(More)
Listeria monocytogenes can cause severe invasive disease in humans and has been isolated from a variety of foods. This study aimed to investigate type diversity and distribution across sources by subtyping via PFGE a set of 300 L. monocytogenes isolates collected in Italy from foods over a five year period (from 2003 to 2007). The most frequent serotypes(More)