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Individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus-Type 1 (HIV-1), are at increased risk for neurobehavioral impairment, particularly in later stages of the disease. Even patients in the medically asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic stages of infection may show mild deficits on comprehensive neuropsychological (NP) test batteries, although the(More)
Patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome frequently suffer peripheral neuropathy. We investigated its prevalence and relationship to clinical stage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection using quantitative sensory testing and nerve conduction testing. Vibratory threshold was determined in the right great toe and index finger of 179 men(More)
As part of a longitudinal study, 265 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens from 204 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-seropositive subjects and 43 seronegative controls were evaluated. Of the 204 seropositive persons, 78 (38%) had > or = 1 CSF culture positive for HIV-1; the probability of being culture positive increased as the number of CSF(More)
UNLABELLED Objective. To examine the cross-sectional prevalence of neurological symptoms and signs in a large cohort of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive men, and determine the relationship of the symptoms to disease stage, immunologic markers, and independent variables from neuropsychological (NP) testing and psychiatric interview. METHODS(More)
To characterize the natural history of autologous epidural blood patch (EBP) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive patients, records from an ongoing longitudinal study of the neuropsychological manifestations of HIV infection were retrospectively reviewed. Of 252 participants (218 HIV-seropositive, 34 HIV-seronegative) who underwent at least(More)
Operative monitoring of short-latency auditory evoked potentials during posterior fossa surgery requires audio transducers of small physical size so as to not interfere with the operative field. There are many relatively inexpensive transducers in the commercial audio hifi market of appropriate size. Some produce suitable biological responses and tolerate(More)
Elevated levels of beta 2-microglobulin and neopterin in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been associated with neurologic complications of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The effect of zidovudine (ZDV) on these markers was assessed by studying the effect of ZDV treatment duration on CSF levels in a cohort of 145 HIV-positive men who(More)
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