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A study of the membranes of human lens fiber cells revealed a very high protein to lipid ratio, which tended to increase with aging and in brunescent cataract. Phospholipids were more abundant than cholesterol, cholesterol esters, and other neutral lipids. With aging and cataract formation, a marked decrease in membranes phospholipid content occurred.(More)
Much of the capacity of tissues to respond to signals as well integrated systems is due to the existence of direct cell-to-cell communication pathways. This type of communication, usually referred to as cell coupling, is based on the presence of cell-to-cell channels permeable to ions, metabolites, and regulatory compounds. The cell-to-cell channels are(More)
Lens gap junction channels are studied in a reconstituted system obtained by incorporating into liposomes, with or without calmodulin, the lens junction protein (MIP26) and its trypsin-cleaved product (MIP21) that lacks the C-terminal arm. Channel permeability is studied with an osmotic swelling assay. MIP26 and MIP21 liposomes swell in sucrose or(More)
Lens fibers are electrically coupled with each other and directly exchange dyes and metabolites. In most cells, this form of communication is mediated by gap junctions. Lens fibers lack typical gap junctions. The lens junctions, although morphologically similar to gap junctions, differ from them structurally, chemically and immunologically. Nevertheless,(More)
Lens fiber cells are coupled by communicating junctions that comprise over 50% of their appositional surfaces. The main intrinsic protein (MIP26) of lens fibers is a 28.2 kDa protein that forms large gap junction-like channels in reconstituted systems. Previously, we have shown that Ca(++)-activated calmodulin (CaM) regulates the permeability of(More)
Lens fiber junctions contain cell-to-cell channels believed to be composed of a 28.2 kD protein (MIP26). Previous evidence indicates that calmodulin (CaM) is involved in the regulation of channel permeability by changing the conformation of the C terminal chain of MIP26. A study of the amino acid sequence of MIP26 has revealed an amphiphilic segment of the(More)
The lens junction protein (MIP26), and its trypsin cleavage product (MIP21), isolated from calf fiber cells, are incorporated into liposomes and the permeability and gating of the resulting channels are studied spectrophotometrically by an osmotic swelling assay. Liposomes incorporated with either protein and loaded with Dextran T-10 swell when placed in(More)
Monocularly aphakic guinea pigs (Cavia porcellis), prepared by removing the lens by phacoemulsification, were maintained under near-UV lighting conditions for several months. Exposure to near-UV energy was at much lower irradiance levels than that of sunlight, and was at lower than the threshold level for near-UV damage to the aphakic monkey retina as(More)
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