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Researchers have long debated whether knowledge about the self is unique in terms of its functional anatomic representation within the human brain. In the context of memory function, knowledge about the self is typically remembered better than other types of semantic information. But why does this memorial effect emerge? Extending previous research on this(More)
The human striatum has been implicated in processing reward-related information. More recently, activity in the striatum, particularly the caudate nucleus, has been observed when a contingency between behavior and reward exists, suggesting a role for the caudate in reinforcement-based learning. Using a gambling paradigm, in which affective feedback (reward(More)
This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying two types of spatial transformations: imagined object rotations and imagined rotations of the self about an object. Participants viewed depictions of single three-dimensional Shepard--Metzler objects situated within a sphere. A T-shaped prompt(More)
We examined the frame of reference of auditory responses in the inferior colliculus in monkeys fixating visual stimuli at different locations. Eye position modulated the level of auditory responses in 33% of the neurons we encountered, but it did not appear to shift their spatial tuning. The effect of eye position on auditory responses was(More)
Sensitivity and bias can be manipulated independently on a recognition test. The goal of this fMRI study was to determine whether neural activations associated with manipulations of a decision criterion would be anatomically distinct from neural activations associated with manipulations of memory strength and episodic retrieval. The results indicated that(More)
The loss of proteoglycans (PG) in the articular cartilage is an early signature of osteoarthritis (OA). The ensuing changes in the fixed charge density in the cartilage can be directly linked to sodium concentration via charge balance. Sodium ions in the knee joint appear in two pools: in the synovial fluids or joint effusion where the ions are in free(More)
involvement of early spasm since recovery after CSD/CSD-like depolarizations is energy dependent. The occurrence of DIND despite proper fluid management and nimodipine prophylaxis in our patients is interesting because migraine with aura is a known risk factor for ischemic stroke in young women. 6 A particular link has been proposed between migrainous(More)
A number of problems in image reconstruction and image processing can be addressed, in principle, using the sinc kernel. Since the sinc kernel decays slowly, however, it is generally avoided in favor of some more local but less precise choice. In this paper, we describe the fast sinc transform, an algorithm which computes the convolution of arbitrarily(More)
Introduction In MRI, one seeks to produce an accurate image of the effective spin density, ρ(r), from a set of measurements {s q } acquired in the Fourier domain. Because the signal equation (1a) is a continuous-to-discrete mapping, image reconstruction is inherently ill-posed, i.e., infinitely many functions give rise to the same data. Complicating(More)