S I Kashiwamura

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IL-18 is a product of macrophages and with IL-12 strikingly induces IFN-gamma production from T, B, and NK cells. Furthermore, IL-18 and 1L-12 synergize for IFN-gamma production from Th1 cells, although this combination fails to affect Th2 cells. In this study, we show that IL-12 and IL-18 promptly and synergistically induce T and B cells to develop into(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is a pleiotropic lymphokine which plays an important role in the immune system. IL-4 activates two distinct signalling pathways through tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat6, a signal transducer and activator of transcription, and of a 170K protein called 4PS. To investigate the functional role of Stat6 in IL-4 signalling, we generated mice(More)
When stimulated with antigen, B cells are influenced by T cells to proliferate and differentiate into antibody-forming cells. Since it was reported that soluble factors could replace certain functions of helper T cells in the antibody response, several different kinds of lymphokines and monokines have been reported in B-cell growth and differentiation.(More)
IL-18 (interferon-inducing factor) and IL-12 exhibit a marked synergism in interferon-gamma induction in T cells. Investigations into the mechanism of this synergism have revealed that IL-12 upregulates expression of the IL-18 receptor on cells producing interferon-gamma. Although IL-18 does not induce the development of Th1 cells, it is essential for the(More)
Malaria, caused by infection with Plasmodium spp., is a life cycle-specific disease that includes liver injury at the erythrocyte stage of the parasite. In this study, we have investigated the mechanisms underlying Plasmodium berghei-induced liver injury, which is characterized by the presence of apoptotic and necrotic hepatocytes and dense infiltration of(More)
Human B-cell differentiation factor (BCDF) was purified to homogeneity by sequential filtration and chromatography of culture supernatants from TCL-Na1 cells on an AcA34 gel column and then on a Mono P column with fast protein liquid chromatography and reversed-phase HPLC. A 5300-fold enrichment in specific activity of BCDF with about 25% recovery was(More)
IL-18, produced as a biologically inactive precursor, is processed by caspase-1 in LPS-activated macrophages. Here, we investigated caspase-1-independent processing of IL-18 in Fas ligand (FasL)-stimulated macrophages and its involvement in liver injury. Administration of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) upregulated functional Fas expression on(More)
IL-18 is a powerful inducer of IFN-gamma production, particularly in collaboration with IL-12. IL-18, like IL-12, also augments NK activity. Here we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying the up-regulation of killing activity of NK cells by IL-18. IL-18, like IL-12, dose dependently enhanced NK activity of splenocytes. This action was further(More)
Because interleukin-18 (IL-18) is similar to IL-1 and is known to be involved in the hematopoietic progenitor cell growth, the effect of IL-18 on circulating cell populations was examined. Repeated administration of IL-18 induced significant amounts of neutrophilia in mice. In parallel, high levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-6, and(More)