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Little is known about whether bone marrow-derived circulating progenitor cells (BMDCPCs) can transdifferentiate into adipocytes in adipose tissues or play a role in expanding adipocyte number during adipose tissue growth. Using a mouse bone marrow transplantation model, we addressed whether BMDCPCs can transdifferentiate into adipocytes under standard(More)
Impaired revascularization of transplanted islets is a critical problem that leads to progressive islet loss. Since endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are known to aid neovascularization, we aimed to enhance islet engraftment by cotransplanting EPCs with islets. Porcine islets, with (islet-EPC group) or without (islet-only group) human cord blood-derived(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 6-month intensive lifestyle modification intervention on metabolic parameters and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fifty-eight subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to the intervention group or the control group. The subjects in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in postmenopausal women. Elevated serum uric acid levels, hypoadiponectinemia and arterial stiffness are strongly associated with cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the relationships among uric acid, adiponectin and arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN 9555(More)
The lymphatic vessel is a major conduit for immune cell transport; however, little is known about how lymphatic vessels regulate immune cell trafficking and how lymphatic vessels themselves respond to inflammation. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a central role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation, but the role of TLR4 in lymphatic endothelial(More)
Here, we demonstrate that SENP2, a desumoylating enzyme, plays a critical role in the control of adipogenesis. SENP2 expression was markedly increased upon the induction of adipocyte differentiation, and this increase was dependent on protein kinase A activation. Remarkably, knockdown of SENP2 led to a dramatic attenuation of adipogenesis with a marked(More)
BACKGROUND Although body mass index (BMI) is the most widely accepted parameter for defining obesity, recent studies have indicated a unique set of patients who exhibit normal BMI and excess body fat (BF), which is termed as normal weight obesity (NWO). Increased BF is an established risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, it is unclear whether NWO(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects with normal body mass index (BMI) but elevated amounts of body fat (normal-weight obesity; NWO) show cardiometabolic dysregulation compared to subjects with normal BMI and normal amounts of body fat (normal-weight lean; NWL). In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether NWO individuals have higher rates of subclinical atherosclerosis(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorheologic alterations or changes in blood viscosity have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of microvascular complications in diabetes. We measured various hemorheologic parameters in type 2 diabetes patients at different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and assessed their possible role as early markers of diabetic(More)