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The genetic diversity and related global distribution of 51 Mycobacterium leprae isolates were studied. Isolates were obtained from leprosy patients from 12 geographically distinct regions of the world and two were obtained from nonhuman sources. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by DNA sequencing was performed targeting the rpoT gene of M. leprae.(More)
Overproduction of immunoglobulin E (IgE) and T helper cell type 2 (TH2) cytokines, including interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-5 and IL-13, can result in allergic disorders. Although it is known that IL-4 is critical to the polarization of naïve CD4+ T cells to a TH2 phenotype, both in vitro and in many in vivo systems, other factors that regulate in vivo IL-4(More)
A group of structurally related proteins, referred to as '30K proteins', accumulate in a stage-dependent fashion in the larval hemolymph of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. To investigate the regulatory mechanisms of the 30K protein biosynthesis in the fat body, mRNA sequences coding for these plasma proteins were cloned and their structures and expression during(More)
Stimulation of enriched pituitary gonadotrophs by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) elicits dose-dependent biphasic elevations of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) and luteinizing hormone (LH) release, with rapid initial peaks followed by sustained plateaus during continued exposure to the agonist. A potent GnRH-antagonist,(More)
Basal and receptor-regulated changes in cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) were monitored by fluorescence analysis in individual rat pituitary gonadotrophs loaded with the calcium-sensitive dye indo-1. Most gonadotrophs exhibited low amplitude spontaneous oscillations in basal [Ca2+]i that were interspersed by quiescent periods and abolished by(More)
The study of G protein-coupled receptor signal transduction and behavior in living cells is technically difficult because of a lack of useful biological reagents. We show here that a fully functional alphalb-adrenoceptor tagged with the green fluorescent protein (alphalbAR/GFP) can be used to determine the molecular mechanism of intemalization of alphalbAR/(More)
BACKGROUND Animal studies and laboratory experiments have demonstrated that exposure to dioxins may be involved in the pathophysiology of endometriosis. However, recent epidemiological investigations have shown conflicting results. Although peritoneal fluid is a specific microenvironment playing a pivotal role in the development of endometriosis, to our(More)
The nucleotide sequence (1974 bp) of cDNA coding for membrane-bound alkaline phosphatases (m-ALP) of Bombyx mori was isolated. The cDNA clone contained an open reading frame encoding a polypeptide (547 amino acids), which contains a hydrophobic signal peptide of 36 amino acids and the mature protein of 511 amino acids (Mr = 56,163). We found a highly(More)
An attempt was made to determine whether mitral regurgitation could be detected and its severity evaluated semiquantitatively by newly developed real-time two-dimensional Doppler flow imaging in 109 patients who underwent left ventriculography. In the Doppler flow imaging technique, Doppler signals due to blood flow in the cardiac chambers are processed(More)
Nocardia rubra cell wall skeleton (N-CWS) induced alpha- plus beta-interferons (IFN-alpha/beta) in resident peritoneal cells and bone marrow cells from normal mice. N-CWS also induced IFN-alpha/beta and IFN-gamma in the cultures of thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal cells. When induced with N-CWS, the mixed cultures of thioglycollate-elicited macrophages(More)