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Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection can lead to devastating clinical outcomes. An appreciation of the scientific relationship between cytokine response and patient mortality may help limit the risks posed by this deadly illness. We present the results of a study that compared the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and(More)
BACKGROUND Since the discovery of antibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor in 2007, anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is increasingly recognized worldwide. We compare the clinical features of adults and children with this disorder in Taiwan. METHODS Patients admitted to Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung Children's(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute appendicitis is an uncommon diagnosis in early childhood. It is frequently complicated by delays in diagnosis, perforation, and prolonged hospital stay. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography (US) in the management of suspected appendicitis in children younger than 3 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated nontrauma causes of rhabdomyolysis and the factors associated with the development of acute renal failure (ARF) of children in Taiwan. We also explored the sex and age characteristics of patients with rhabdomyolysis. METHODS A chart review was conducted of patients younger than 17 years who were treated between January 1997 and(More)
Influenza virus is a seasonal cause of community-acquired pneumonia, and Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens causing secondary bacterial pneumonia. S. pneumoniae-induced haemolytic uremic syndrome is an uncommon condition mainly observed in young children. We present a patient who had invasive pneumococcal disease and haemolytic(More)
Brain injury after resuscitation is associated with high morbidity and mortality in children. Therapeutic hypothermia has theoretical benefits on brain preservation. It has been shown to be effective in improving neurological outcomes after adult ventricular arrhythmia-induced cardiac arrest and neonatal asphyxia. However, there have only been a few reports(More)
Central diabetes insipidus, a common consequence of acute central nervous system injury, causes hypernatremia; cerebral salt wasting syndrome can cause hyponatremia. The two conditions occurring simultaneous are rarely described in pediatric patients. Pediatric cases of combined diabetes insipidus and cerebral salt wasting after acute central nervous system(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common clinical problem. Previous studies involving adult patient cohorts have assessed various risk factors associated with VAP, including ventilator circuit changes. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence of and risk factors associated with VAP, particularly 3-day versus 7-day(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 is a common cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease and encephalitis in Asia and elsewhere. The long-term neurologic and psychiatric effects of this viral infection on the central nervous system (CNS) are not well understood. METHODS We conducted long-term follow-up of 142 children after enterovirus 71 infection with CNS(More)
BACKGROUND Guillain-Barré syndrome and myasthenia gravis both lead to muscle weakness but the two combined is uncommon. Detection of these entities can help identify forms of autoimmune neuromuscular diseases that may respond to immunotherapy. This report sought to characterize the clinical features of these two entities when combined. METHODS This report(More)