Learn More
Reperfusion injury is a complication of recanalization therapies after focal cerebral ischemia. The disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) caused by up-regulated metalloproteinases (MMPs) can lead to edema and hemorrhage. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO=90 min) and reperfusion (R=24 h vs. 5 days) was induced in male Wistar rats. Rats were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) will show abnormal fractional anisotropy (FA) in the normal-appearing brain after prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI). These abnormalities will be more accentuated in patients with underlying vascular risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study by use of DTI and conventional T2-weighted(More)
Hyperbaric (HBO) and normobaric (NBO) oxygen therapy have been shown to be neuroprotective in focal cerebral ischemia. In previous comparative studies, NBO appeared to be less effective than HBO. However, the experimental protocols did not account for important advantages of NBO in the clinical setting such as earlier initiation and prolonged(More)
Tumor related contralateral motor deficits complicate preoperative functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In plegic patients the localization of the sensorimotor cortex is often impossible. In this context we developed a clinical fMRI protocol dedicated to patients with motor deficits using the unaffected ipsilateral hand. Based on the hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) after focal cerebral ischemia reduces infarct size and improves outcome when applied early after stroke. Here, we evaluated effects of HBO on permanent focal cerebral ischemia and applied magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) monitoring to study lesion evolution. METHODS Rats underwent permanent middle cerebral artery(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of active deep brain stimulation (DBS) during the application of standard clinical sequences for functional MRI (fMRI) in phantom measurements. During active DBS, we investigated induced voltage, temperature at the electrode tips and lead, forces on the electrode and lead, consequences of defective(More)
Noise in MR image data increases the mean signal intensity of image regions due to the usually performed magnitude reconstruction. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is especially affected by high noise levels for several reasons, and a decreasing SNR at increasing diffusion weighting causes systematic errors when calculating apparent diffusion coefficients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The timing and mechanisms of protection by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) in cerebral ischemia have only been partially elucidated. We monitored the early in vivo effects of HBO after 2 h transient focal ischemia using repetitive MRI. METHODS Wistar rats underwent filament occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO). 40 min after MCAO,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The evidence for traumatic brain injury in amateur boxers is controversial. Hypothetically, sudden acceleration of the head due to the impact of the blow during the boxing fight might result in diffuse axonal injury or contusion. We wanted to determine whether cerebral microhemorrhages occur more often in amateur boxers than in(More)
Concentration-time curves derived from dynamic susceptibility-contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging are widely used to calculate cerebrovascular parameters. To exclude effects of recirculation, a non-linear regression method is used to fit a gamma-variate function to the concentration-time course. In previous studies the errors arising from the(More)