S Haupenthal

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Stimulation of phospholipase D (PLD) in HEK-293 cells expressing the M(3) muscarinic receptor by phorbol ester-activated protein kinase C (PKC) apparently involves Ral GTPases. We report here that PKC, but not muscarinic receptor-induced PLD stimulation in these cells, is strongly and specifically reduced by expression of dominant-negative RalA, G26A RalA,(More)
We recently reported that activation of the highly efficient phospholipase C (PLC) stimulatory m3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) can induce a long-lasting Gi-mediated heterologous potentiation of PLC stimulation in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells, which was accompanied by an increased cellular level of the PLC substrate(More)
Botulinum toxin (BTX) is often used to improve arm function in persons with hemiparesis after stroke. Persons injected into the arm sometimes report changes in their gait. The purpose of this open-labeled pilot study was to investigate the association between injecting BTX into the upper limb and ankle and knee range of motion (ROM) and paretic-leg(More)
The present study focused on genotoxic properties of the carcinogenic phenylpropanoids α-asarone and β-asarone, which are found in several herbs and spices, such as Acorus calamus or Acorus gramineus. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects were determined in human liver carinoma HepG2 cells, in hamster lung fibroblast V79 cells and in human cytochrome P450 1A2 and(More)
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