S Hartlage

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Automatic processes require few attentional resources, but effortful processes use attentional capacity. Research on cognitive processing by depressed individuals is reviewed and the following is concluded: (a) Depression interferes with effortful processing. The degree of interference is determined by the degree of effortfulness of the task, the severity(More)
Explored schematic processing as a mechanism for predicting (a) when depressed Ss would be negative relative to nondepressed Ss and (b) when depressed and nondepressed Ss would show biased or unbiased (i.e., "realistic") processing. Depressed and nondepressed Ss performed multiple trials of a task under conditions in which the two groups held either(More)
Clarifying the relationships of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) to depressive and anxiety disorders may contribute to the understanding of risk factors and etiologies associated with the disorders. A current belief is that women with PMDD have a higher percentage of past psychiatric disorders than women without the disorder, an assumption that may be(More)
The DSM-IV estimate that 3-5% of women have premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is based on studies that: used non-representative samples, did not consider all research criteria, or were retrospective. In the present study, prospective data from a multiethnic sample of women were analyzed to develop an effective method of considering all DSM-IV research(More)
Depressive personality disorder (DPD) characteristics may reflect both state dependent concomitants and traits independent of current depression. In all, 30 clinically, 30 formerly, and 30 never depressed participants were given the Diagnostic Interview for Depressive Personality (J. G. Gunderson, K. A. Phillips, J. Triebwasser, & R. M. A. Hirschfeld,(More)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder was included in an appendix of DSM-III-R (revised third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and DSM-IV to facilitate systematic research. Items contained in its set of research criteria were considered tentative. Only one previous study of premenstrual symptoms specifically addressed symptoms(More)
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) has remained in appendices of the last two editions of The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders due to lack of empirical study. Items included in its set of research criteria are considered tentative pending evidence of diagnostic validity. The present study attempts to establish the construct validity(More)
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