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Microsomal carboxylesterase activities in 12 human livers were determined using 10 kinds of carboxylesterase substrates (p-nitrophenylacetate, p-nitrophenylpropionate, p-nitrophenylbutyrate, butanilicaine, isocarboxazid, palmitoyl-coenzyme-A, malathion, clofibrate, acetanilide, and phenacetin). There were large individual differences in the 12 humans based(More)
The human gene (PTGS2) encoding an inducible isozyme of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2) that is distinct from the well-characterized and constitutive isozyme (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1), was isolated using a polymerase-chain reaction-generated cDNA fragment probe for human prostaglandin-endoperoxide(More)
A simple, rapid, and highly sensitive fluorometric high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of N-acetylneuraminic acid and its mono-O-acetyl derivatives in human and rat sera is described. The neuraminic acids, released by hydrolysis of serum in 2 M acetic acid, are converted with 1,2-diamino-4,5-methylenedioxybenzene, a(More)
A simple, rapid, and highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminic acids in human and animal sera, glycoproteins, and glycolipids. The neuraminic acids, released by acid hydrolysis of these biological samples, are converted in dilute sulfuric acid with(More)
Three structurally related and novel antibacterial peptides have been isolated from the haemolymph of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, immunized with Escherichia coli. These peptides were 32 amino acids long and characteristically rich in proline residues. A unique threonine residue in each peptide was O-glycosylated and the modification seemed to be important(More)
There exist two distinct isozymes of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PES). PES-2 mRNA is synergistically induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in bovine arterial endothelial cells. On the other hand, PES-1 mRNA is constitutively expressed under these conditions. Therefore, the promoter activities of the(More)
Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) are heterodimeric transcription factors that regulate a number of adaptive responses to low oxygen tension. They are composed of alpha- and beta-subunits that belong to the basic helix-loop-helix-PAS superfamily. Here we examined the expression of HIF-alpha subunit proteins in the human kidney and found that, in addition to(More)
Migraine-like features sometimes characterize the headache that follows epileptic seizure (postictal headache, PIH). We compared patients with different types of epilepsy to investigate the association between migraine-like PIH and seizure type. Subjects comprised 364 patients with partial epilepsy. Epilepsy types were temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE, n = 177),(More)
Cerebral glucose metabolism using positron emission tomography (PET) with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose was examined in 11 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), 6 patients with probable, and 1 patient with autopsy-confirmed dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) as well as in 10 age-matched normal control subjects. Among widespread cortical regions showing(More)
A simple, rapid and highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminic acids in serum and urine is described. The neuraminic acids, released by hydrolysis of serum and urine, are converted in dilute sulphuric acid with 1,2-diamino-4,5-dimethoxybenzene, a fluorogenic reagent for(More)