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Microsomal carboxylesterase activities in 12 human livers were determined using 10 kinds of carboxylesterase substrates (p-nitrophenylacetate, p-nitrophenylpropionate, p-nitrophenylbutyrate, butanilicaine, isocarboxazid, palmitoyl-coenzyme-A, malathion, clofibrate, acetanilide, and phenacetin). There were large individual differences in the 12 humans based(More)
The human gene (PTGS2) encoding an inducible isozyme of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2) that is distinct from the well-characterized and constitutive isozyme (prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1), was isolated using a polymerase-chain reaction-generated cDNA fragment probe for human prostaglandin-endoperoxide(More)
A simple, rapid, and highly sensitive fluorometric high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of N-acetylneuraminic acid and its mono-O-acetyl derivatives in human and rat sera is described. The neuraminic acids, released by hydrolysis of serum in 2 M acetic acid, are converted with 1,2-diamino-4,5-methylenedioxybenzene, a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by the vascular endothelium regulates mammalian blood vessels and other systems in humans. Recently, an endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) gene polymorphism, the 27-bp repeat in intron 4 (ecNOS4), was reported to be related to the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease and terminal renal failure. We analyzed this(More)
A simple, rapid, and highly sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminic acids in human and animal sera, glycoproteins, and glycolipids. The neuraminic acids, released by acid hydrolysis of these biological samples, are converted in dilute sulfuric acid with(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) the changes in cerebral hemodynamics and oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex of poststroke patients with hemiplegia performing several rehabilitation tasks and to analyze the different effects of the tasks. DESIGN Case series pilot study. SETTING Hospitals and facilities near Tsukuba, Japan.(More)
Three structurally related and novel antibacterial peptides have been isolated from the haemolymph of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, immunized with Escherichia coli. These peptides were 32 amino acids long and characteristically rich in proline residues. A unique threonine residue in each peptide was O-glycosylated and the modification seemed to be important(More)
Metallothionein (MT), a low molecular weight, cysteine-rich metal binding protein, has been associated with cytoprotection from heavy metals and cellular oxidants. As MT has the ability to scavenge hydroxyl radicals, MT may control intracellular redox status. In the present study, we examined whether MT regulates the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB(More)
Neutrophils are important effector cells of acute inflammation because of their potential capacity to synthesize various proinflammatory mediators, and inhibition of their production is expected to result in anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigate the effects of the anti-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-4, on prostanoid(More)
The Bombyx mori fibroin light (L)-chain gene was cloned and the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene inserted into exon 7. The chimeric L-chain-GFP gene was used to replace the polyhedrin gene of Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcNPV). This recombinant virus was used to target the L-chain-GFP gene to the L-chain region of the silkworm genome.(More)