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The availability of genetic information, transgenic and knock-out animals make the mouse a primary model in biomedical research. Aminoglycoside ototoxicity, however, has rarely been studied in mature mice because they are considered highly resistant to the drugs. This study presents models for kanamycin ototoxicity in adult CBA/J, C57BL/6 and BALB/c mouse(More)
Transplanting neural stem cells (NSC) to the damaged brain has been regarded as a potential treatment for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), a condition characterized by memory loss. We hypothesized that transplantation of NSC into the hippocampal regions of APP + PS1 transgenic (Tg) mice, a well-established model of AD, would(More)
The base of the cochlea is more vulnerable to trauma than the apex as seen in the pattern of hair cell damage by cisplatin or aminoglycosides. The differential vulnerability is maintained in organotypic cultures exposed directly to these drugs, suggesting there may be an intrinsic difference in sensitivity to damage along the cochlear spiral. We therefore(More)
We have previously shown gentamicin to form a redox-active iron chelate. This study investigates whether other aminoglycosides can likewise stimulate the generation of reactive oxygen species (free radicals). Kanamycin, neomycin and streptomycin were compared to gentamicin in intact cells and in cell-free in vitro assays using luminescence detection with(More)
We have recently suggested antioxidant therapy against aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss based on the hypothesis of a redox-active aminoglycoside-iron complex causing ototoxicity. The present study compares seven antioxidants and iron chelators for their ability to attenuate gentamicin-induced free radical generation in vitro and ototoxicity in guinea pig(More)
The participation of reactive oxygen species in aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity has been deduced from observations that aminoglycoside-iron complexes catalyze the formation of superoxide radicals in vitro and that antioxidants attenuate ototoxicity in vivo. We therefore hypothesized that overexpression of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (h-SOD1) should(More)
Oxidative stress in the cochlea is considered to play an important role in noise-induced hearing loss. This study determined changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and the auditory brainstem response (ABR) in the cochlea of C57BL/6 mice prior to and immediately, 1, 3, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days after noise exposure (4 kHz(More)
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