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The human X chromosome has a unique biology that was shaped by its evolution as the sex chromosome shared by males and females. We have determined 99.3% of the euchromatic sequence of the X chromosome. Our analysis illustrates the autosomal origin of the mammalian sex chromosomes, the stepwise process that led to the progressive loss of recombination(More)
Differences between research diagnostic criteria (RDC)-diagnosed acute and chronic schizophrenics and normal controls were studied using a Kamin blocking procedure. Blocking is an established animal learning procedure, thought by some researchers to reflect selective attention; decreased blocking indicates increased processing of irrelevant stimuli. It was(More)
The performance of chronic schizophrenic probands (n=21), their first-degree schizotypal (22) and non-schizotypal (19) relatives, and normal controls (24), was measured in two associative learning paradigms, latent inhibition and the Kamin blocking effect. These paradigms assess the effects on learning of initial exposure to other learning contingencies.(More)
The Kamin blocking effect (KBE) is an established animal learning paradigm measuring selective processing, in which reduced blocking reflects allocation of greater processing resources to non-relevant information. Two KBE tasks are described below. Results from studies using the first (between-subjects) task indicate that KBE is abolished in acute(More)
The effect of oral amphetamine administration on the Kamin-blocking effect in healthy volunteer subjects was investigated. Against predictions, Kamin blocking was not disrupted by either a high or low oral dose of D-amphetamine under conditions which have, in previous studies, led to disruption of a related learning phenomenon (latent inhibition). This lack(More)
The Kamin blocking effect consists in impaired learning of an association between a conditioned stimulus (CS2) and an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) if CS2 is presented simultaneously with a different CS (CS1) already associated with the UCS. It is well established with animal but not human subjects. In the two experiments presented here, the effect was(More)
Human chromosome 12 contains more than 1,400 coding genes and 487 loci that have been directly implicated in human disease. The q arm of chromosome 12 contains one of the largest blocks of linkage disequilibrium found in the human genome. Here we present the finished sequence of human chromosome 12, which has been finished to high quality and spans(More)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), usually diagnosed in children, is known to persist into adulthood. However, the research has not examined the disorder in older adults. This article describes a preliminary qualitative study of the experiences of women over age 62 who were diagnosed with ADHD after the age of 60. Participants reported(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in schizophrenia has previously been investigated using postmortem material. Recently, using single photon emission tomography (SPET) with the selective benzodiazepine antagonist 123I-Iomazenil as the radioligand, we have demonstrated an in vivo relationship between(More)
INTRODUCTION Blunt chest wall trauma accounts for over 15% of all trauma admissions to Emergency Departments worldwide. Reported mortality rates vary between 4 and 60%. Management of this patient group is challenging as a result of the delayed on-set of complications. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a prognostic model that can be used to(More)