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Mitochondria are the major organelles that produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the main target of ROS-induced damage as observed in various pathological states including aging. Production of NADPH required for the regeneration of glutathione in the mitochondria is critical for scavenging mitochondrial ROS through glutathione reductase and peroxidase(More)
Gliomas are associated with high mortality because of their exceedingly invasive character. As these tumors acquire their invasiveness from low-grade tumors, it is very important to understand the detailed molecular mechanisms of invasion onset. Recent evidences suggest the significant role of microRNAs in tumor invasion. Thus, we hypothesized that(More)
1. Amitriptyline has been known to induce QT prolongation and torsades de pointes which causes sudden death. We studied the effects of amitriptyline on the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) channel expressed in Xenopus oocytes and on the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Kr)) in rat atrial myocytes. 2. The amplitudes of steady-state(More)
To understand the interactions and functional role of each of the three mitochondrial NAD(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) subunits (alpha, beta, and gamma), we have characterized human cDNAs encoding two beta isoforms (beta(1) and beta(2)) and the gamma subunit. Analysis of deduced amino acid sequences revealed that beta(1) and beta(2) encode(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the regulation of NADPH-producing isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) in cytosol (IDPc) and mitochondria (IDPm) upon gamma-ray irradiation, and the roles of IDPc and IDPm in the protection against cellular damage induced by gamma-ray irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Changes of IDPc and IDPm proteins upon gamma-ray irradiation to(More)
Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) has been frequently used to modify biomaterial surfaces for improved biocompatibility. We have used PEO-polybutadiene-PEO triblock copolymer to graft PEO to biomaterials by gamma-irradiation for a total radiation dose of 1 Mrad. The molecular weight of PEO in the block copolymer was 5000. In vitro study showed that fibrinogen(More)
Understanding the molecular networks that regulate adipogenesis is crucial for combating obesity. However, the identity and molecular actions of negative regulators that regulate the early development of adipocytes remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role of CREB3L4, a member of the CREB3-like family, in the regulation of adiposity.(More)
We investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in alpha(1)-adrenergic regulation of intracellular Na(+) activity (a(Na)(i)) in single guinea pig ventricular myocytes. a(Na)(i) and membrane potentials were measured with the Na(+)-sensitive indicator sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate and conventional microelectrodes, respectively, at room temperature(More)
Tandemly repeated DNAs, referred to as satellite DNAs, often occur in a genome in a genus-specific manner. However, the mechanisms for generation and evolution for these sequences are largely unknown because of the uncertain origins of the satellite DNAs. We found highly divergent genus-specific satellite DNAs that showed sequence similarity with(More)