S. H. Chou

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There is growing evidence supporting the role of inflammation in early brain injury and cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are released by inflammatory cells and can mediate early brain injury via disruption of the extracellular matrix and mediate vasospasm by cleaving endothelin-1 into vasoactive(More)
We present a finite-volume formulation for the lattice Boltzmann method (FVLBM) based on standard bilinear quadrilateral elements in two dimensions. The accuracy of this scheme is demonstrated by comparing the velocity field with the analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations for time dependent rotating Couette flow and Taylor vortex flow. To(More)
Simple and practical finite-volume schemes for the lattice Boltzmann equation are derived in two and three dimensions through the application of modern finite-volume methods. The schemes use a finite-volume vortex-type formulation based on quadrilateral elements in two dimensions and trilinear hexahedral elements in three dimensions. It is shown that the(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperammonemia is known to cause neuronal injury, and can result from valproic acid exposure. Prompt reduction of elevated ammonia levels may prevent permanent neurological injury. We report a case of fatal hyperammonemic brain injury in a woman exposed to valproic acid. CASE A 38-year-old woman with schizoaffective disorder and recent increase(More)
This paper deals with a pole assignment problem by single-input state feedback control arising from a one-dimensional vibrating system with aerodynamic effect. On the practical side, we derive explicit formulae for the required controlling force terms, which can reassign part of the spectrum to the desired values while leaving the remaining spectrum(More)
PURPOSE Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are often initiated on antiepileptic drugs without a clear indication. We compared the percentage of patients with spontaneous ICH who had seizures at onset or during hospitalization, and examined empiric use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in these patients in 2 cohorts 10 years apart. METHODS Using a(More)
This paper deals with the convergence properties of the noncon-forming quadrilateral Wilson element for a class of nonlinear parabolic problems in two space dimensions. Optimal H and L2 error estimates for the continuous time Galerkin approximations are derived. It is also shown for rectangular meshes that the gradient of the Wilson element solution(More)
The role of catecholamines in immune changes associated with the metabolic stress of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) was examined in this study. Male Lewis rats were pretreated with the nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist nadolol (0-0.5 mg/kg) and then received either a saline or 2-DG (500 mg/kg) injection. Nadolol attenuated the 2-DG-induced(More)