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Enzymatic conversion of hydrocodone to hydromorphone is catalyzed by cytochrome P450 2D6, which is inactive in about 7% of Caucasians [poor metabolizers (PMs)] and can be inhibited by quinidine pretreatment in the remainder [extensive metabolizers (EMs)]. If hydromorphone, having a substantially higher mu-receptor affinity than hydrocodone, contributes(More)
Tuberculostearic acid, a structural component of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry with selected ion monitoring in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 13 patients with proven and 8 out of 9 patients with suspected tuberculous meningitis; the negative result was in a patient whose symptoms and CSF abnormalities may(More)
Sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat depression, inhibits CYP2D6 in vitro (Ki = 1.2 microM) less potently than fluoxetine (Ki = 0.15 microM). To determine the extent and time course of CYP2D6 inhibition in patients, six males (mean age: 40 years, range: 29-64 years), who were starting treatment for depression with sertraline,(More)
We measured plasma concentrations of haloperidol (HAL) and its metabolite, reduced haloperidol (RHAL), by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in 45 Japanese psychiatric patients receiving HAL. Plasma levels of HAL had a highly positive correlation with daily dose per body weight. Plasma RHAL/HAL ratios had also a dose-dependent relationship, but(More)
Calf brain and human platelet extracts purified by Bio-Gel P2 column chromatography contained substances that inhibited serotonin uptake and 3H-imipramine binding. Some of these endogenous substances were also recognized by rabbit antibodies produced against imipramine. The data suggest the possible existence of endogenous serotonin uptake modulators, which(More)
A gas chromatographic-mass fragmentographic (GC-MF) procedure is described for the simultaneous quantitation of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (DHPG) and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (MHPG) in brain tissue and plasma. DHPG and MHPG were assayed as their respective acetyl-trifluoroacyl esters, using [2H2]DHPG and [2H3]MHPG as internal(More)
Heroin use is closely associated with emotional dysregulation, which may explain its high comorbidity with disorders such as anxiety and depression. However, the understanding of the neurobiological etiology of the association between heroin use and emotional dysregulation is limited. Previous studies have suggested an impact of heroin on diffusivity in(More)
To assess the postmortem stability of brain 3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenylethyleneglycol (MHPG) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (DHPG) levels, groups of rats and mice were killed by cervical dislocation and left at either 21 degrees or 4 degrees C for intervals of up to 24 h until removal and freezing of whole brain. Whole brain free and total MHPG and(More)
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