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DNA was introduced into the germ line of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans by microinjection. Approximately 10% of the injected worms gave rise to transformed progeny. Upon injection, supercoiled molecules formed a high-molecular-weight array predominantly composed of tandem repeats of the injected sequence. Injected linear molecules formed both tandem(More)
Previous work has shown that the Caenorhabditis elegans gene pal-1, a homolog of Drosophila caudal, is required maternally for blastomere specification in the early embryo and postembryonically for tail development in males. We show here that embryonic (zygotic) transcription of pal-1 is also required for posterior patterning during later embryogenesis.(More)
Four actin genes have been isolated from Caenorhabditis elegans that account for all of the major actin hybridization to total genomic DNA. Actin genes I, II and III are clustered within a 12 X 10(3) base region; gene IV is unlinked to the others. All four genes have been sequenced from at least nucleotide -109 to +250. Genes I and III are identical for the(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans collagens comprise a dispersed family of 40-150 genes, the majority of which probably code for collagen proteins found in the animal's cuticle. The conserved (Gly-X-Y)n triple helix coding sequence of collagen genes has facilitated the isolation of a large number of C. elegans collagen genes by recombinant DNA methods. We have(More)
Synthetic surfaces can be assessed for their ability to promote or inhibit whole blood coagulation with improved accuracy using a new protocol developed for the Thrombelastograph instrument. Results obtained from the analysis of the hydrodynamic state of blood clotting in Thrombelastograph chambers have enabled a quantitative interpretation of the output of(More)
Sixty-five gallstones were assessed for content of network polymer by equilibrium swelling and infrared spectroscopy. All types of pigment gallstones exhibited swelling in aqueous buffers, indicating network polymer content, but swelling was greatest in black pigment gallstones. Gallstones composed principally of cholesterol did not swell. Swelling(More)
Single crystals of poly(γ-benzyl L-glutamate) were formed by epitaxial crystallization from solution in mesitylene on NaCl, KI, and KCl (001) cleavage faces. From electron microscopy and diffraction studies, the structure of these overgrowths was determined to be that of lamellae containing chain-folded α-helical macromolecules. The usual type of crystal(More)
A major component of pigment gallstones (PS) is a black, insoluble substance. I t has been suggested that this pigment material might be a highly crosslinked polymer, and if such were the case, i t should imbibe solvent (swell) to the maximum permitted by the crosslinks of its macromolecular network. We measured the equilibrium amount, qeq, by which(More)