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Specific cultures were used to detect growth of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae (NG) in 90 ejaculates of partners of childless marriages. Although no gonococcal growth was observed in undiluted semen, 9 out of 68 subjects with silent infection presented growth of NG in seminal plasma after dilution 1:2 with saline. It is concluded that semen dilution increases the(More)
In six healthy subjects serum oestradiol was selectively decreased by administering an aromatase activity inhibitor, hydrotestolactone (HT). After HT administration serum oestradiol (Oe2) decreased from 18.7 +/- 2.3 (SEM) to 6.7 +/- 0.6 pg/ml whereas testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) blood levels were not modified. These oestradiol changes were(More)
In order to evaluate the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-prolactin axis in "adolescent gynaecomastia" (AG), sulpiride was administered to 7 normal boys and 7 boys with AG. The maximum increase in serum prolactin (PRL) above the mean baseline level (deltamax) was used as index of response. The sulpiride induced a greater PRL release in boys with(More)
Leydig cells, purified on two sequential Percoll gradients to purities of 89 +/- 1%, were used to study the binding of 17-beta-hydroxy-17 alpha-methyl-estra-4,9,11-triene-3-one(3H-R1881). The accumulation of 3H-R1881 in the nuclear fraction of these cells was time- and temperature-dependent. Specific binding was saturable with an apparent Ka of 0.14 nM-1(More)
To observe the influence of gonadal feed-back on FSH and LH release in men we studied the blood levels of both gonadotropins before and after orchiectomy in eight subjects. In four orchiectomized subjects the LH and FSH release induced by LH-RH was also studied. The LH-RH was also administered in eight patients with primary gonadal diseases. Our findings(More)
Sulpiride and TRH were used to evaluate the dynamics of prolactin (Prl) release in normoprolactinaemic, amenorrhoeic and normally menstruating women. The two tests were performed in a randomomized order with an interval of 2-3 days. In the normal women the first test was carried out between days 2 and 4 of their cycle. Basal values during the two tests were(More)
Prl responsiveness to TRH and sulpiride was evaluated in 14 galactorrhoeic normoprolactinaemic women. Radiological signs of sellar alteration were present in 6 of these patients. Pituitary responses to TRH did not differ from those obtained in a group of 16 healthy women. Serum Prl levels after sulpiride were higher in the patients than in the controls (P(More)
The effect of long-term hCG administration on sperm output was evaluated in a study in 3 hypogonadal patients with a selective deficiency of gonadotrophins (LH and FSH). The diagnosis of complete hypogonadotropic hypogonadism was based on clinical and hormonal findings as well as testicular histology. Pubertal maturation took place gradually during hCG(More)
Nomifensine has recently been proposed as a dynamic test to discriminate tumoral from functional hyperprolactinaemia. In the present study, this test was performed in 9 subjects with radiological signs of sellar alteration and in 6 with no signs of pituitary lesion. Adopting the criterion reported in the previous study, the test was considered positive in 2(More)