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Many biological materials are composites containing two or more components with different mechanical properties. This study is concerned with the application of a method of platinum-carbon coating (Pt/C) of ultrathin sections for TEM and SEM studies of the design of natural composite materials. The changes in profile of the ultrathin resin-embedded sections(More)
Glue-free reversible adhesion was achieved underwater using a beetle-inspired mushroom-shaped fibrillar microstructure. Structured surfaces reveal a 25% increase in pull-off force when immersed in water and their underwater attachment is 20 times more effective than that of flat surfaces. The van der Waals interaction that underlies the adhesion of the(More)
To characterize the effect of shearing on function of fibrillar adhesive microstructure, friction and shear-related changes in pull-off force of a biomimetic polyvinylsiloxane mushroom-shaped fibrillar adhesive microstructure were studied. In contrast to a control flat surface, which exhibited pronounced stick-slip motion accompanied with high friction, the(More)
This study shows that, in their evolution, hexapods have convergently developed two distinctly different mechanisms to attach themselves to a variety of substrates during locomotion. The first mechanism is provided by hairy surfaces and the second one by smooth flexible pads. The main similarity of both mechanisms is that the structured pad surface or(More)
To analyse the performance of mushroom-shaped fibrillar adhesive microstructure, its behaviour was studied during different stages of attachment-loading-detachment cycle. Visualizing the evolutions of real contact area of single microfibres, it is shown that the mushroom-shaped geometry of contact elements promotes fast and simple generation of reliable(More)
We previously presented a remote-controlled robot, Climbing Mini-Whegstrade, which scales vertical glass walls using passive compliant feet on simple rotating wheel-legs [1]. With a single drive motor, the legs of the robot press the feet against the glass, then gradually peel them away, mimicking the foot motions observed in insects. With feet made of(More)
Insects and geckos use claws and adhesive pads to negotiate both rough and smooth surfaces. Climbing robots have been designed to mimic various aspects of these and other biological systems to operate in specific vertical environments. Robots that adhere to the surface through suction cups, magnetic end-effectors, or adhesive pads can climb featureless,(More)
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