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Spread spectrum (SS) is a modulation technique in which the signal occupies a bandwidth much larger than the minimum necessary to send the information. A synchronized reception with the code at the receiver is used for despreading the information before data recovery. From a long period, Walsh codes and Gold codes have been used as spread spectrum codes in(More)
Manufacturing process variations are the primary cause of timing yield loss in aggressively scaled technologies. In this paper, we analyze the impact of process variations on the throughput (rate) characteristics of embedded systems comprised of multiple voltage-frequency islands (VFIs) represented as component graphs. We provide an efficient, yet accurate(More)
The problem of determining bounds for application completion times running on generic systems comprising single or multiple voltage-frequency islands (VFIs) with arbitrary topologies is addressed in the context of manufacturing-process-driven variability. The approach provides an exact solution for the system-level timing yield in synchronous single-voltage(More)
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