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Experimental evidence suggests the involvement of the brain dopaminergic system in learning and memory processes, although the associated molecular mechanism has yet to be fully characterized. Memory formation occurs via a number of signaling pathways associated with activation of many synaptic plasticity-related proteins, including the N-Methyl-D-aspartic(More)
This study examined the early neurohumoral events in the progression of congestive heart failure (CHF) after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Immediately after MI was induced by coronary artery ligation, rats had severely depressed left ventricular systolic function and increased left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV). Both left ventricular(More)
The mineralocorticoid (MC) receptor antagonist spironolactone (SL) improves morbidity and mortality in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). We tested the hypothesis that the central nervous system actions of SL contribute to its beneficial effects. SL (100 ng/h for 28 days) or ethanol vehicle (VEH) was administered intracerebroventricularly or(More)
Dynorphin peptides and k-opioid receptor are important in the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse such as heroin. This study examined potential association between heroin dependence and four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of prodynorphin (PDYN) gene (rs35286281 in promoter region and rs1022563, rs2235749, rs910080 in 3'UTR). Participants included(More)
The serotoninergic (5-HT) system regulates neuronal activity in broad brain regions, and appears to be particularly important for modulating behavioral and physiological functions such as mood, emotion, sleep and appetite. Central 5-HT deregulation may be involved in many neuropsychological disorders, which include substance abuse and addiction. Previous(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is an enzyme that influences placental human chorionic gonadotropin production during gestation. Previous studies have indicated an association between eNOS activity, implantation, and maintenance of pregnancy, but proposed associations between polymorphisms of the eNOS gene and recurrent miscarriage (RM) are(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by neurohumoral excitation. Increased sympathetic drive and activation of the reninangiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), with vasoconstriction and volume retention, are hallmarks of the CHF syndrome. Treatment strategies have targeted the peripheral influences of these two systems, but have not addressed the(More)
A large number of microsatellite genetic markers have been identified in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region. We investigated genetic polymorphism of the nine short tandem repeat (STR) loci (D6S276, MOGCA, D6S265, MIB, D6S273, G51152, TAP1CA, RING3CA, and D6S291) in the HLA region in the Shaanxi Han population. Using a fluorescence-labeled(More)
Systolic heart failure is a feed-forward phenomenon with devastating consequences. Impaired cardiac function is the initiating event, but central nervous system mechanisms activated by persistent altered neural and humoral signals from the periphery play an important sustaining role. Animals with experimentally induced heart failure have neurochemical(More)
Recent studies indicate the involvement of dopamine receptors D1 and D3 in the regulation of locomotor stimulant and conditioned responses to morphine in mice. Moreover, expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be modulated by D1 and D3 receptor activities in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, the underlying(More)