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Alexander's law states that the amplitude of the spontaneous nystagmus grows with increasing gaze in the direction of the fast phase. Using the search-coil method we employed head impulses at various eye-in-orbit azimuth angles to test (i) whether the normal vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in the behaviorally relevant high-frequency range has intrinsic(More)
Oculomotor-plant dynamics are not well characterised, despite their importance for modelling eye-movement control. We analysed the time course of the globe's return after horizontal displacements in three rhesus monkeys lightly anaesthetised with ketamine. The eye-position traces were well fitted by a sum of four exponentials (time constants 0.012, 0.099,(More)
The mechanics of the extraocular muscles and orbital tissue ("oculomotor plant") can be approximated by a small number of viscoelastic (Voigt) elements in series. Recent analysis of the eye's return from displacement in lightly anesthetized rhesus monkeys has suggested a four-element plant model with time constants (TCs) of approximately 0.01, 0.1, 1, and(More)
Despite their importance for deciphering oculomotor commands, the mechanics of the extraocular muscles and orbital tissues (oculomotor plant) are poorly understood. In particular, the significance of plant nonlinearities is uncertain. Here primate plant dynamics were investigated by measuring the eye movements produced by stimulating the abducens nucleus(More)
Shifting the direction of the line of sight in everyday life often involves rotations not only of the eyes and head but also of the trunk. Here, we investigated covariation patterns of eye-in-orbit, head-on-trunk and trunk-in-space angular horizontal displacements during whole-body rotations to targets of up to 180° eccentricity performed by standing(More)
The firing rate of an abducens motoneuron (AbMN) is linearly related to eye position with slope K, above recruitment threshold θ. Within the AbMN population K increases as θ increases. It is possible that these properties depend on the synaptic drives generated by the major premotor inputs to AbMNs, namely position-vestibular-pause (PVP) cells and eye and(More)
 The present report examines the performance of a distributed bi-directional neural network that simulates the vertical velocity to position integrator of the primate brain. Consistent with anatomy and physiology, its units receive stochastically weighted input from vertical medium-lead burst neurons. Also consistent with anatomy, units belonging to(More)
Large gaze displacements are mediated by combined motion of the eye, head, trunk, and foot. We applied principal component analysis (PCA) to examine the degree of variability and linearity in the angular velocity pattern of the various segments involved that participate in this task. Ten normal subjects stood up and had to visually fixate and realign their(More)
Large reorientations of the line of sight, involving combined rotations of the eyes, head, trunk and lower extremities, are executed either as fast single-step or as slow multiple-step gaze transfers. In order to obtain more insight into the mechanisms of gaze and multisegmental movement control, we have investigated time-optimal gaze shifts (i.e. with the(More)
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