5-Hydroxytryptamine-containing (5-HT) neurones in brain of the mouse were selectively destroyed by intracerebroventricular injection of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT, 50 micrograms). Sham-lesioned controls received vehicle (2 microliters, i.c.v.). Two weeks later the head-twitch response induced by 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (2.0 mg/kg) and… (More)
Platelet serotonin (5-HT) concentration did not significantly differ between control subjects (N = 45) and schizophrenic (N = 62) or chronic schizophrenic (N = 39) patients. No clinical feature was associated with hyperserotonemia, but the subgroup receiving benzodiazepines had a significantly higher 5-HT level than other patients.
The effect of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine on plasma free MHPG levels was assessed in 12 normal volunteers. A significant fall in MHPG was produced by 1.5 microgram X kg-1 clonidine IV whereas saline had no effect. The peak fall in MHPG correlated strongly with the area under the curve (AUC). In addition, a strong correlation was seen between… (More)
Small doses of clonidine produce hypoactivity in mice and rats, probably by stimulating pre-synaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the brain. When mice were injected with desmethylimipramine (DMI, 5 mg/kg) before clonidine it attenuated the hypoactivity, while pretreatment with amitriptyline (5 mg/kg) or mianserin (5 mg/kg) potentiated this behaviour. In rats,… (More)