S G Fan

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The role played by central neurotransmitters in acupuncture analgesia was evaluated by correlating neurochemical changes in central nervous system with the acupuncture effect, as well as modification of the acupuncture effects by pharmacological manipulations of central neurotransmitters. The results of experimental studies which were performed mainly on(More)
The analgesic effect produced by electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation in the rat was dose-dependently antagonized by cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) or intrathecally (i.th) at a dose range of 0.25-4 ng. This effect had an immediate onset and lasted for at least 4 h. CCK-8 per se, however, did not affect(More)
Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8), given intracerebroventricularly (icv) or intrathecally (ith) at the dose range of 0.25-4.0 ng, dose-dependently antagonised the effect of morphine analgesia and electroacupuncture analgesia (EAA) in the rat. That CCK-8 antiserum was capable of reversing the tolerance to EAA and changing the non-responders of EAA into(More)
3-Mercaptopropionic acid (3MP) (1 mM) inhibited the potassium-evoked release of endogenous GABA from slices of rat hippocampus and cerebral cortex in vitro. This did not appear to be due to an inhibition of GABA biosynthesis, since 3MP failed to affect the basal rate of GABA release or to accelerate the decline in the GABA content of tissue slices during(More)
Tolerance to morphine analgesia was induced in rats by chronic treatment with morphine (5-30 mg/kg, t.i.d. for 6 days). Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of antiserum against cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) reversed tolerance to morphine by 50% (P less than 0.001). Intrathecal (ith) injection of the CCK-8 antiserum produced a similar, although(More)
Radio receptor assay (RRA) was adopted to analyse the influence of CCK-8 on 3H-etorphine binding to opiate receptors in rat brain synaptosomal membranes (P2). In the competition experiment CCK-8 (1pM to 1 microM) suppressed the binding of 3H-etorphine. This effect was completely reversed by proglumide at 1 microM. Rosenthal analysis for saturation revealed(More)
The results discussed here indicate that under the conditions of restraint stress and under the control of CNS, a suppressive protein (NIP) was generated in peripheral lymph tissue and released into the blood stream, which acts as a immune suppressor. It is potentially a very important molecule that could be very important to our understanding of the(More)
Extracts from lymph node and spleen in mice and rats subjected to restraint stress significantly suppressed lymphocyte proliferation, but extracts from brain, skeletal muscle, and thymus gland had no effect on lymphocyte proliferation, suggesting that a suppressive factor for lymphocyte proliferation might selectively be induced in lymph node and spleen.(More)
Our previous work showed that a factor (a protein with a high molecular weight) in serum was induced by restraint stress in mice and rats, and suppressed lymphocyte proliferation induced by concanavalin A. It was also found that the generation of the serum suppressive factor was under the control of the central nervous system. The present work was designed(More)