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Using morphological and cell biological techniques, we have shown that the RNA replicase of Semliki Forest and Sindbis virus (two closely related alphaviruses) is located in complex ribonucleoprotein structures associated with the cytoplasmic surface of modified secondary lysosomes and endosomes. These nucleoprotein complexes often form a bridge between the(More)
MalF is an essential cytoplasmic membrane protein of the maltose transport system of Escherichia coli. We have developed a general approach for analysis of the mechanism of integration of membrane proteins and their membrane topology by characterizing a series of fusions of beta-galactosidase to MalF. The properties of the fusion proteins indicate the(More)
The malF gene product is an inner membrane component of the maltose transport system in Escherichia coli. Some gene fusions between malF and lacZ (encoding the normally cytoplasmic enzyme beta-galactosidase) produce hybrid proteins which are membrane-bound while other fusions produce hybrid proteins which are cytoplasmic (Silhavy, T. J., Casadaban, M. J.,(More)
Previous studies showed that the glycoprotein (G) of vesicular stomatitis virus is synthesized in association with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane and that all G mRNA co-fractionates with ER membrane. Here, we show that treatment of infected cells with puromycin results in dissociation of G mRNA, and presumably the associated ribosomes, from the ER(More)
We have isolated mutants of bacteriophage Mu carrying the X mutations caused by the insertion of cam (Tn9), a transposon for chloramphenicol resistance. The Mu X cam mutants were obtained by selecting for heat-resistant survivors of a Mucts62, P1cam dilysogen. Like the previously described X mutants, Mu X cam mutants are defective prophages which can be(More)
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