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To study the intracellular sorting of internalized ligands and receptors, we examined the pathways of two ligands: transferrin, which is recycled, and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M), which is degraded. In CHO cells the two ligands rapidly segregate into different intracellular compartments. Within 5 min fluorescein-labeled transferrin (F-Tf) is found in a(More)
One of the early events in the pathway of receptor-mediated endocytosis is the acidification of the newly formed endocytic vesicle. To examine the mechanism of acidification, we used fluorescein-labeled alpha 2-macroglobulin (F-alpha 2M) as a probe for endocytic vesicle pH. Changes in pH were determined from the change in fluorescein fluorescence at 490-nm(More)
Ceramide channels formed in the outer membrane of mitochondria have been proposed to be the pathways by which proapoptotic proteins are released from mitochondria during the early stages of apoptosis. We report that sphingosine also forms channels in membranes, but these differ greatly from the large oligomeric barrel-stave channels formed by ceramide.(More)
Ceramides are known to have a regulatory function in apoptosis, including the release of cytochrome c and other proapoptotic factors from the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Ceramides can form large, stable channels in the outer mitochondrial membrane, leading to the proposal that ceramide channels are the pathway through which these proteins are(More)
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