S Flament

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Bundles of paired helical filaments (PHF) accumulate in the pyramidal neurons that degenerate during Alzheimer's disease. This neurofibrillary degeneration is highly correlated with clinical signs of dementia. During the degenerating process, Tau proteins, which are the major antigenic components of PHF, are abnormally phosphorylated and two pathological(More)
Tau proteins were detected in brain tissue homogenates from 10 patients with Alzheimer's disease versus 10 age-matched controls using the immunoblot technique and 2 polyclonal antibodies: anti-paired helical filaments (PHF) and anti-human native Tau proteins. In control brains, both antisera detected identically the normal set of Tau proteins, with(More)
We have recently reported that the immunoblot detection of two abnormally phosphorylated tau proteins, named Tau 64 and 69, in homogenates of cortical areas from patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) was systematically associated with the presence of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) and senile plaques (SP) in these areas. A blind study was performed to(More)
We have previously shown that abnormal Tau species are produced during the neurofibrillary degeneration of the Alzheimer type. These abnormal Tau proteins consist of a characteristic triplet named Tau 55, Tau 64 and Tau 69 which are constantly found in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Downs syndrome brain regions with tangles. To determine if abnormal Tau(More)
Six different brain areas from 6 patients with Down's syndrome (DS) of different ages were studied in respect of their Tau protein content using the western-blot technique. They were also studied histologically using a Palmgren (silver staining) method in order to reveal the presence of NFT and SP. The results of these studies show that Tau 64 and 69, two(More)
Tau proteins were detected in human brain using two polyclonal antibodies: anti-paired helical filaments and anti-human native tau proteins. Both antisera detected identically the normal set of tau proteins in control brains. Moreover they detected two abnormal tau variants of 64 and 69 kDa exclusively in brain areas showing neurofibrillary tangles and(More)
The effect of the local anaesthetic procaine on the intracellular pH, pHi, and electrophysiological properties of full-grown Xenopus oocytes was studied. In spite of its interference with both the pH-sensitive microelectrodes and fluorescent probe BCECF, we have shown that procaine induced an intracellular acidification rather than the alkalization commonly(More)
In human brain extracts, most proteins of pathological interest in Alzheimer's disease are insoluble and their analysis is often performed on denatured and reduced samples by immunoblotting after electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gel in presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Because we needed to accurately compare the concentration of several proteins in brain(More)