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The first high resolution maps of the Xenopus laevis ribosomal promoter and its flanking regions (-179 to +14) have been created by assaying point mutants both in oocyte and in vitro. Within the promoter boundaries (-141(-145) to +3(+4)), domains analogous to the Core Promoter and "Upstream Control Element" (UCE) were clearly detected. The base pairs at(More)
A DNA segment approximately 200 base pairs upstream of the Xenopus laevis ribosomal promoter acts both as an upstream promoter element that augments transcription and as a transcription terminator. It is, however, unclear to what extent these two activities are related. A segment of the X. laevis ribosomal DNA, containing the terminator and the upstream(More)
The core region of the Xenopus laevis pre-ribosomal RNA promoter was subjected to point mutation analysis. A total of 27 point mutants within a 78 base pair region from -64 to +14, (relative to the start of transcription at +1), were assayed by oocyte microinjection. The results locate the 3' boundary of the core promoter at +4 and the 5' boundary at(More)
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