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A synthetic gene encoding an anti-phytochrome single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody bearing an N-terminal signal peptide has been used to transform tobacco plants. Immunoblot analysis showed that transformed plants accumulate high levels of scFv protein, accounting for up to 0.5% of the total soluble protein fraction, which could be extracted by simple(More)
To investigate the role of salicylic acid (SA) in the hypersensitive response (HR) its accumulation was compromised during different phases of lesion development by differential expression of a salicylate hydroxylase gene (SH-L). Constitutive suppression of SA accumulation was achieved by expression of a gene fusion between the CaMV35S promoter (35S) and(More)
The successful application of the maize transposable element system Ac/Ds as a genome mutagen in heterologous plant species has recently proved the versatility and power of this technique in plant molecular biology. However, the frequency of Ac/Ds transposition is considerably lower in Arabidopsis thaliana than in most other dicot plant species that have(More)
A rapid and simple method for adventitious shoot regeneration and somatic embryogenesis from immature cotyledon explants of pea (Pisum sativum L.) is described. Cotyledon size and the explant orientation to the medium surface were shown to have a clear effect on shoot regeneration. The highest frequency of shoot regeneration was achieved when the distal end(More)
There is much data to indicate that only a small number of cells in plant explants are competent for stable transformation by Agrobacterium. Circumstantial evidence suggests that certain cells reentering cell division at wound sites are competent for transformation by Agrobacterium. We have discovered a member of the intracellular PR gene family from(More)
We have investigated targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of wild-type GUS and a modified form (GUS S358) by making an N-terminal fusion of the β-glucuronidase (GUS) enzyme with the wheat α-amylase signal peptide.In vitro studies demonstrated that the modified GUS (S358) lacked the glycosylation site present within the wild-type enzyme. Analysis of(More)
A procedure has been developed which allows high frequency adventitious shoot regeneration from immature cotyledons of pea. Prolific shoot regeneration occurred following an initial callus growth on a Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 0.5 mg/l 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 4 mg/l α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Cotyledon expiants proximal to the(More)
The first high resolution maps of the Xenopus laevis ribosomal promoter and its flanking regions (-179 to +14) have been created by assaying point mutants both in oocyte and in vitro. Within the promoter boundaries (-141(-145) to +3(+4)), domains analogous to the Core Promoter and "Upstream Control Element" (UCE) were clearly detected. The base pairs at(More)
Summary Messenger RNA derived from mechanically separated cells of asparagus has proved to be an enriched source of defence-related transcripts. We describe the characterization of a novel PR-5 gene coding for a secreted protein of neutral pI (AoPRT-L) that is strongly up-regulated following cell isolation or following accelerated tissue ageing caused by(More)
A DNA segment approximately 200 base pairs upstream of the Xenopus laevis ribosomal promoter acts both as an upstream promoter element that augments transcription and as a transcription terminator. It is, however, unclear to what extent these two activities are related. A segment of the X. laevis ribosomal DNA, containing the terminator and the upstream(More)