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Promoter-specific recruitment of histone acetyltransferase activity is often critical for transcriptional activation. We present a detailed study of the interaction between the histone acetyltransferase complexes SAGA and NuA4, and transcription activators. We demonstrate by affinity chromatography and photo-cross-linking label transfer that acidic(More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in a number of neurological disorders including stroke, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. To study the effects of oxidative stress on neuronal cells, we have used an immortalized mouse hippocampal cell line (HT-22) that is particularly sensitive to glutamate. In these cells, glutamate competes for cystine uptake,(More)
Extensive nerve cell death occurs during the development of the central nervous system as well as in episodes of trauma and in neurodegenerative disease. The mechanistic details of how these cells die are poorly understood. Here we describe a unique oxidative stress-induced programmed cell death pathway called oxytosis, and outline pharmacological(More)
Reactive oxygen species play an important role in pathogenesis of a variety of pathological processes, e.g., ischemia-reperfusion, acute viral infections, thermal injury, hepatic diseases, and acute lung injury. Xanthine oxidase (XO) may be a significant source of these cytotoxic oxygen species. We tested the hypothesis that hepatic ischemia-reperfusion(More)
BACKGROUND Sexually transmitted infection with the human papillomavirus (hpv) is responsible for a significant burden of human cancers involving the cervix, anogenital tract, and oropharynx. Studies in the United States and Europe have demonstrated an alarming increase in the frequency of hpv-positive oropharyngeal cancer, but the same direct evidence does(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO-), formed by the reaction between nitric oxide (. NO) and superoxide, has been implicated in the etiology of numerous disease processes. Low molecular weight antioxidants, including uric acid, may minimize ONOO---mediated damage to tissues. The tissue-sparing effects of uric acid are typically attributed to oxidant scavenging; however,(More)
Forests are major components of the global carbon cycle, providing substantial feedback to atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. Our ability to understand and predict changes in the forest carbon cycle--particularly net primary productivity and carbon storage--increasingly relies on models that represent biological processes across several scales of(More)
Reactive oxygen metabolites generated from xanthine oxidase play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemia-induced tissue injury. In a hemorrhagic shock model of ischemia-reperfusion, the intracellular enzyme xanthine oxidase was released into the vasculature. This intravascular source of superoxide (O2.-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) interacted(More)
Oxidant stress plays a major role in the pathophysiologic processes associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury. Xanthine oxidase (XO) is often implicated as a significant source of oxidants and increases in the circulation after hepatoenteric ischemia-reperfusion. We hypothesized that pulmonary injury is associated with hepatic ischemia-reperfusion(More)
Xanthine oxidase, a key source of reactive oxygen species, and purine substrates are detected in the circulation after ischemia-reperfusion. High levels of uric acid, produced by a xanthine oxidase-catalyzed reaction, are found in human plasma. We studied whether uric acid could alter xanthine oxidase activity in plasma obtained from eight adults and eight(More)