S F Orencole

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Cytokines such as interleukin 1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) mediate a variety of host responses to trauma and infection, including skeletal muscle proteolysis. This investigation assesses the influence of damaging eccentric exercise on in vitro production and plasma concentrations of cytokines and their(More)
TNF is a major mediator in the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock, and its inhibition has a protective effect in various animal models of sepsis or endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) toxicity. LPS treatment also induces an oxidative damage mediated by increased production of reactive oxygen intermediates. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) is an antioxidant and a(More)
In this report, we describe the development of a mini-array system suitable for high-throughput quantification of proteins. This mini-array is a multiplexed, sandwich-type ELISA that measures the concentration of seven different human cytokines--TNF-alpha, IFN alpha, IFN gamma, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, and IL-10--from a single sample in each well of a(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) plays an important role in host defense mechanisms by increasing body temperature, inducing the synthesis of a variety of lymphokines and hepatic acute phase proteins and acting as a chemoattractant for lymphocytes. However, in some microenvironments such as injured tissue or joint spaces, elevated IL-1 levels may contribute to(More)
Several host defense responses and metabolic reactions that occur during infection have been observed after exercise. We hypothesized that these reactions, known as the "acute phase response," contribute to the breakdown and clearance of damaged tissue after exercise. This hypothesis was tested with 21 male volunteers representing two ranges of age (22-29(More)
Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) is a protein released from blood monocytes and related cells in response to infectious or inflammatory stimuli. Although IL-1 beta is elevated in the circulation for only a few hours after an acute inflammatory challenge or exercise, it has been proposed to mediate anabolic and catabolic processes that can last for several(More)
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) soluble receptor derived from the cell surface p55 TNF receptor (TNFsRp55) is a naturally occurring substance generated during infection and inflammation. TNFsRp55 inhibits biologic effects of TNF. An RIA was developed to quantitate TNFsRp55 in human blood. Recovery of TNFsRp55 from blood anticoagulated with EDTA was optimal(More)
We investigated the pattern of down-regulation of cytokine production in endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) tolerance. A 4-day treatment with LPS (35 micrograms per mouse) was followed by a challenge on day 6 with one more injection of LPS. Circulating tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) could not be induced (> 99% inhibition) by LPS in(More)
When administered parenterally, endotoxin stimulates the synthesis of IL-1, TNF-alpha, and IL-6. However, this initial injection induces tolerance; a second injection of endotoxin results in lower levels of circulating cytokines. In our study, five healthy male volunteers between the ages of 18 and 30 were injected with Escherichia coli endotoxin. Four(More)
Endotoxin is a component of gram-negative bacteria that causes hematologic and immunologic changes through its induction of cytokines. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a naturally occurring inhibitor of IL-1 that competes with IL-1 for occupancy of cell-surface receptors but possesses no agonist activity. We investigated the ability of human(More)