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The aim of this study was to examine the effects of transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 on the phenotype and the biological behavior of pancreatic cancer cell lines with and without mutations in the TGF-beta signaling pathway and to elucidate whether the Ras signaling cascade participates in mediating these effects of TGF-beta1. TGF-beta-responsive(More)
TGF-beta strongly promotes local tumor progression in advanced epithelial tumors, though the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrate the potential of TGF-beta to increase the invasiveness of the pancreatic cancer cell lines PANC-1 and IMIM-PC1. TGF-beta-induced tumor cell invasion occurred in a time-dependent(More)
Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) by the membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) has been associated with tumor progression. In the present study, we examined the role of MMP-2 and its activators MT1-MMP, MT2-MMP and MT3-MMP in pancreatic tumor cell invasion and the development of the desmoplastic reaction characteristic of(More)
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