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Signal-induced activation of caspases, the critical protease effectors of apoptosis, requires proteolytic processing of their inactive proenzymes. Consequently, regulation of procaspase processing is critical to apoptotic execution. We report here that baculovirus pancaspase inhibitor P35 and inhibitor of apoptosis Op-IAP prevent caspase activation in vivo,(More)
Xylella fastidiosa, the causal agent of several scorch diseases, is associated with leaf scorch symptoms in Chitalpa tashkentensis, a common ornamental landscape plant used throughout the southwestern United States. For a number of years, many chitalpa trees in southern New Mexico and Arizona exhibited leaf scorch symptoms, and the results from a regional(More)
The Eastern, Western, and Egyptian strains of alfalfa weevil are pests introduced to North America on three separate occasions, now they share partially overlapping geographic ranges, covering most of the continental United States. Behavior, susceptibility to parasites, and subtle morphological differences separate the strains. The difficulty in(More)
As red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, continues to expand its range into the southwestern United States, it can be easily confused with the native southern fire ant, Solenopsis xyloni McCook. Variability in the morphological characteristics commonly used to differentiate these ant species was quantified by examining the length of the clypeal(More)
Zeins are alcohol soluble seed storage proteins synthesized within the endosperm of maize and subsequently deposited into endoplasmic reticulum (ER) derived protein bodies. The genes encoding the beta and delta zeins were previously introduced into tobacco with the expectation of improving the nutritional quality of plants (Bagga et al. in Plant Physiol(More)
Geminiviruses are circular single-stranded DNA viruses that replicate by a rolling circle mechanism involving the viral-encoded AC1 protein. DNA nicking is necessary both for initiating replication of the covalently closed double-stranded DNA templates and for releasing unit-length monomers. The effects of mutations in a putative nicking motif (K101 A Y I D(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that down-regulate gene expression in a sequence specific manner to control plant growth and development. The identification and characterization of miRNAs are critical steps in finding their target genes and elucidating their functions. The objective of the present study was to assess the genetic(More)
Small RNAs are a group of non-coding RNAs that downregulate gene expression in a sequence-specific manner to control plant growth and development. The objective of the present study was to clone and characterize several small RNAs in cotton. To identify small RNAs that are involved in the development of cotton bolls and fibers, we generated cDNA libraries(More)
Challenges such as the rapid development of detection reagents for emerging or engineered pathogens, the goal of identifying probes for every protein in the human proteome, and the development of therapeutic molecules require systems for development of epitope binding molecules that are faster and cheaper than conventional antibody development. To be(More)
Bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV) is a whitefly-transmitted, ssDNA geminivirus with a bipartite genome. AC1 is the only ORF required for geminiviral replication. A putative NTP-binding motif, EGX4GKTX32DD, was present in the derived amino acid sequence of the replication-associated protein from the AC1 ORF for 13 geminiviruses including BGMV-GA (Guatemalan(More)