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Thetrans-acting factor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Tat, has a basic amino-acid cluster that is highly conserved among different HIV isolates. We have examined the effects of mutations in the basic region of Tat on itstrans-acting activity and cellular localization. Introduction of a stop codon immediately preceding the basic region abolished the(More)
The tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a characteristic cysteine-rich region containing 7 cysteines within 16 residues. The role of this region was investigated by creation of several tat gene mutants. The activities of the novel tat gene translational products were assayed by measuring the cotransfected chloramphenicol acetyl-transferase(More)
l-Xylulose reductase (XR) is involved in water re-absorption and cellular osmoregulation. The crystal structure of human XR complemented with site-directed mutagenesis (Cys138Ala) indicated that the disulfide bond in the active site between Cys138 and Cys150 is unstable and may affect the reactivity of the enzyme. The effects of reducing agents on the(More)
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